Predictors of tobacco quit attempts among recovering alcoholics

Janet Kay Bobo, Harry A. Lando, Roger (Dale) Walker, Helen E. Mcllvain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reported here are findings from a randomized community intervention trial that followed 90 recovering alcoholic smokers for 6 months. Because the brief (10-min) study intervention had no effect on tobacco use, intervention and control participants were pooled to identify predictors of attempts to quit smoking that may inform clinical practice. During the first 6 months after discharge from residential alcohol treatment, 31% of all participants reported having quit smoking for 48 hrs or longer. Demographic and drug use history variables did not predict quit attempts, but two baseline tobacco use variables did, specifically the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence and stage of readiness to quit smoking, p <.01. Participants with high or very high nicotine dependence scores were significantly less likely than those with moderate or low scores to attempt smoking cessation. Compared to those in precontemplation at baseline, those in the preparation stage of readiness to change were about 12 times more likely to make a serious quit attempt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-443
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Alcoholics
Tobacco
Tobacco Use Disorder
Smoking
Tobacco Use
Residential Treatment
Smoking Cessation
Alcohols
Demography
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Predictors of tobacco quit attempts among recovering alcoholics. / Bobo, Janet Kay; Lando, Harry A.; Walker, Roger (Dale); Mcllvain, Helen E.

In: Journal of Substance Abuse, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1996, p. 431-443.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bobo, Janet Kay ; Lando, Harry A. ; Walker, Roger (Dale) ; Mcllvain, Helen E. / Predictors of tobacco quit attempts among recovering alcoholics. In: Journal of Substance Abuse. 1996 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 431-443.
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