Predictors of extracapsular extension in HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer treated surgically

Mathew Geltzeiler, Daniel Clayburgh, John Gleysteen, Neil D. Gross, Bronwyn Hamilton, Peter Andersen, Daniel Brickman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Extracapsular extension (ECE) in cervical metastatic lymph nodes remains an indication for adding chemotherapy for patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The aim of this study is to identify specific imaging characteristics on computed tomography (CT) scan that are predictive of ECE in order to better risk stratify patients preoperatively. Materials and methods A single cohort study was performed using a prospectively collected database of patients with HPV-related OPSCC who underwent transoral robotic surgery with cervical lymphadenectomy. CT scans were assessed for the presence of multiple imaging characteristics, including lymph node size, number of nodes positive, cystic appearance, and border irregularity. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to analyze each variable's predictability of pathologic ECE. Results 100 patients underwent TORS with cervical lymphadenectomy for OPSCC from 2010 to 2015. Ninety-one percent (21/23) of patients with 3 or more radiologically suspicious nodes were found to have pathologic ECE, which was a significantly greater proportion than patients with fewer suspicious nodes (p < 0.001). CT scans with 3 or more radiologically suspicious nodes displayed a sensitivity and specificity of 55% and 94%, respectively with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 91% for ECE. Irregular borders and age were also correlated with ECE on multivariable analysis. Conclusion and relevance The presence of 3 or more radiologically suspicious lymph nodes on CT scan has a 91% PPV for any histologic evidence of ECE. The absolute number of radiographically suspicious lymph node metastases may be a useful method for risk-stratifying patients for the presence of ECE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-93
Number of pages5
JournalOral Oncology
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Fingerprint

Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Lymph Nodes
Tomography
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Lymph Node Excision
Robotics
Cohort Studies
Databases
Neoplasm Metastasis
Drug Therapy
Sensitivity and Specificity

Keywords

  • Cervical adenopathy
  • Extracapsular extension
  • Head and neck cancer
  • Head and neck imaging
  • Head and neck pathology
  • Head and neck radiology
  • Human papilloma virus
  • Oropharyngeal cancer
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Predictors of extracapsular extension in HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer treated surgically. / Geltzeiler, Mathew; Clayburgh, Daniel; Gleysteen, John; Gross, Neil D.; Hamilton, Bronwyn; Andersen, Peter; Brickman, Daniel.

In: Oral Oncology, Vol. 65, 01.02.2017, p. 89-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Predictors of extracapsular extension in HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer treated surgically",
abstract = "Objectives Extracapsular extension (ECE) in cervical metastatic lymph nodes remains an indication for adding chemotherapy for patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The aim of this study is to identify specific imaging characteristics on computed tomography (CT) scan that are predictive of ECE in order to better risk stratify patients preoperatively. Materials and methods A single cohort study was performed using a prospectively collected database of patients with HPV-related OPSCC who underwent transoral robotic surgery with cervical lymphadenectomy. CT scans were assessed for the presence of multiple imaging characteristics, including lymph node size, number of nodes positive, cystic appearance, and border irregularity. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to analyze each variable's predictability of pathologic ECE. Results 100 patients underwent TORS with cervical lymphadenectomy for OPSCC from 2010 to 2015. Ninety-one percent (21/23) of patients with 3 or more radiologically suspicious nodes were found to have pathologic ECE, which was a significantly greater proportion than patients with fewer suspicious nodes (p < 0.001). CT scans with 3 or more radiologically suspicious nodes displayed a sensitivity and specificity of 55{\%} and 94{\%}, respectively with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 91{\%} for ECE. Irregular borders and age were also correlated with ECE on multivariable analysis. Conclusion and relevance The presence of 3 or more radiologically suspicious lymph nodes on CT scan has a 91{\%} PPV for any histologic evidence of ECE. The absolute number of radiographically suspicious lymph node metastases may be a useful method for risk-stratifying patients for the presence of ECE.",
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AU - Hamilton, Bronwyn

AU - Andersen, Peter

AU - Brickman, Daniel

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N2 - Objectives Extracapsular extension (ECE) in cervical metastatic lymph nodes remains an indication for adding chemotherapy for patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The aim of this study is to identify specific imaging characteristics on computed tomography (CT) scan that are predictive of ECE in order to better risk stratify patients preoperatively. Materials and methods A single cohort study was performed using a prospectively collected database of patients with HPV-related OPSCC who underwent transoral robotic surgery with cervical lymphadenectomy. CT scans were assessed for the presence of multiple imaging characteristics, including lymph node size, number of nodes positive, cystic appearance, and border irregularity. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to analyze each variable's predictability of pathologic ECE. Results 100 patients underwent TORS with cervical lymphadenectomy for OPSCC from 2010 to 2015. Ninety-one percent (21/23) of patients with 3 or more radiologically suspicious nodes were found to have pathologic ECE, which was a significantly greater proportion than patients with fewer suspicious nodes (p < 0.001). CT scans with 3 or more radiologically suspicious nodes displayed a sensitivity and specificity of 55% and 94%, respectively with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 91% for ECE. Irregular borders and age were also correlated with ECE on multivariable analysis. Conclusion and relevance The presence of 3 or more radiologically suspicious lymph nodes on CT scan has a 91% PPV for any histologic evidence of ECE. The absolute number of radiographically suspicious lymph node metastases may be a useful method for risk-stratifying patients for the presence of ECE.

AB - Objectives Extracapsular extension (ECE) in cervical metastatic lymph nodes remains an indication for adding chemotherapy for patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The aim of this study is to identify specific imaging characteristics on computed tomography (CT) scan that are predictive of ECE in order to better risk stratify patients preoperatively. Materials and methods A single cohort study was performed using a prospectively collected database of patients with HPV-related OPSCC who underwent transoral robotic surgery with cervical lymphadenectomy. CT scans were assessed for the presence of multiple imaging characteristics, including lymph node size, number of nodes positive, cystic appearance, and border irregularity. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to analyze each variable's predictability of pathologic ECE. Results 100 patients underwent TORS with cervical lymphadenectomy for OPSCC from 2010 to 2015. Ninety-one percent (21/23) of patients with 3 or more radiologically suspicious nodes were found to have pathologic ECE, which was a significantly greater proportion than patients with fewer suspicious nodes (p < 0.001). CT scans with 3 or more radiologically suspicious nodes displayed a sensitivity and specificity of 55% and 94%, respectively with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 91% for ECE. Irregular borders and age were also correlated with ECE on multivariable analysis. Conclusion and relevance The presence of 3 or more radiologically suspicious lymph nodes on CT scan has a 91% PPV for any histologic evidence of ECE. The absolute number of radiographically suspicious lymph node metastases may be a useful method for risk-stratifying patients for the presence of ECE.

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KW - Oropharyngeal cancer

KW - Squamous cell carcinoma

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