Pre-clinical safety testing supporting clinical use of allogeneic multipotent adult progenitor cells

M. Kovacsovics-Bankowski, K. Mauch, A. Raber, P. R. Streeter, R. J. Deans, R. T. Maziarz, W. Van't Hof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Successful clinical development of novel cellular therapeutics requires the evaluation of clinical acute toxicity endpoints in scoring patient adverse events (AE) contributing to dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) for establishment of the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD). However, many clinical pathology parameters are not routinely evaluated in pre-clinical safety testing. The objective of this pre-clinical study was to investigate thoroughly the acute toxicity of single- and multiple-dose administrations of allogeneic multipotent adult progenitor cells (MultiStem®), which represent a class of stromal stem cells with therapeutic potential. Methods: MultiStem were tested as an adjunct treatment in a rat myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) model for impact on clinical parameters, clinical chemistry, hematology, immunology and histopathology parameters. Animals received MultiStem in a single dose of 12.5 million cells/kg on day 2 after HSCT or in five infusions at this dose on days 2, 9, 16, 23 and 30. Controls received phosphate-buffered saline injections and all animals were killed on day 37. Results: There were no significant differences between tests and controls regarding evaluation of respiratory distress upon infusion, clinical assessment and hematology and clinical chemistry analysis. Gross necropsy and histopathology analysis showed no organ profile alterations. There was no significant evidence for allogeneic antibody production or T-cell sensitization upon MultiStem infusion. Discussion: These studies demonstrate the safety of administration of allogeneic stromal stem cells in repeat dosing regimens in bone marrow transplant settings, and define pre-clinical safety testing standards relevant to the development of cellular therapeutics using allogeneic adherent adult stem cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)730-742
Number of pages13
JournalCytotherapy
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Keywords

  • Bone marrow
  • Cell therapy
  • Pre-clinical
  • Safety evaluation
  • Stem cell
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Transplantation

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    Kovacsovics-Bankowski, M., Mauch, K., Raber, A., Streeter, P. R., Deans, R. J., Maziarz, R. T., & Van't Hof, W. (2008). Pre-clinical safety testing supporting clinical use of allogeneic multipotent adult progenitor cells. Cytotherapy, 10(7), 730-742. https://doi.org/10.1080/14653240802320245