Posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of Cambodian concentration camps

John (Dave) Kinzie, R. H. Fredrickson, Rath Ben, J. Fleck, W. Karls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

159 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thirteen Cambodian refugees who had survived 2-4 years of concentration camp experience met the DSM-III criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder. Their predominant symptoms were avoidance, hyperactive startle reactions, emotional numbness, intrusive thoughts, and nightmares, which had lasted at least 3 years after the imprisonment. The patients' avoidance of thoughts or discussion of the past and the shame they felt about Cambodia's history made diagnosis and treatment difficult. These findings give cross-cultured validation to the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder and should alert clinicians to its existence in a population not previously studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-650
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume141
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1984

Fingerprint

Concentration Camps
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Survivors
Startle Reflex
Cambodia
Shame
Refugees
Hypesthesia
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
History
Population
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Kinzie, J. D., Fredrickson, R. H., Ben, R., Fleck, J., & Karls, W. (1984). Posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of Cambodian concentration camps. American Journal of Psychiatry, 141(5), 645-650.

Posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of Cambodian concentration camps. / Kinzie, John (Dave); Fredrickson, R. H.; Ben, Rath; Fleck, J.; Karls, W.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 141, No. 5, 1984, p. 645-650.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kinzie, JD, Fredrickson, RH, Ben, R, Fleck, J & Karls, W 1984, 'Posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of Cambodian concentration camps', American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 141, no. 5, pp. 645-650.
Kinzie, John (Dave) ; Fredrickson, R. H. ; Ben, Rath ; Fleck, J. ; Karls, W. / Posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of Cambodian concentration camps. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 1984 ; Vol. 141, No. 5. pp. 645-650.
@article{24e40450b84d4057820c15c887cce6cd,
title = "Posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of Cambodian concentration camps",
abstract = "Thirteen Cambodian refugees who had survived 2-4 years of concentration camp experience met the DSM-III criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder. Their predominant symptoms were avoidance, hyperactive startle reactions, emotional numbness, intrusive thoughts, and nightmares, which had lasted at least 3 years after the imprisonment. The patients' avoidance of thoughts or discussion of the past and the shame they felt about Cambodia's history made diagnosis and treatment difficult. These findings give cross-cultured validation to the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder and should alert clinicians to its existence in a population not previously studied.",
author = "Kinzie, {John (Dave)} and Fredrickson, {R. H.} and Rath Ben and J. Fleck and W. Karls",
year = "1984",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "141",
pages = "645--650",
journal = "American Journal of Psychiatry",
issn = "0002-953X",
publisher = "American Psychiatric Association",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of Cambodian concentration camps

AU - Kinzie, John (Dave)

AU - Fredrickson, R. H.

AU - Ben, Rath

AU - Fleck, J.

AU - Karls, W.

PY - 1984

Y1 - 1984

N2 - Thirteen Cambodian refugees who had survived 2-4 years of concentration camp experience met the DSM-III criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder. Their predominant symptoms were avoidance, hyperactive startle reactions, emotional numbness, intrusive thoughts, and nightmares, which had lasted at least 3 years after the imprisonment. The patients' avoidance of thoughts or discussion of the past and the shame they felt about Cambodia's history made diagnosis and treatment difficult. These findings give cross-cultured validation to the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder and should alert clinicians to its existence in a population not previously studied.

AB - Thirteen Cambodian refugees who had survived 2-4 years of concentration camp experience met the DSM-III criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder. Their predominant symptoms were avoidance, hyperactive startle reactions, emotional numbness, intrusive thoughts, and nightmares, which had lasted at least 3 years after the imprisonment. The patients' avoidance of thoughts or discussion of the past and the shame they felt about Cambodia's history made diagnosis and treatment difficult. These findings give cross-cultured validation to the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder and should alert clinicians to its existence in a population not previously studied.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021278898&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021278898&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 141

SP - 645

EP - 650

JO - American Journal of Psychiatry

JF - American Journal of Psychiatry

SN - 0002-953X

IS - 5

ER -