Postsynaptic calcium feedback between rods and rod bipolar cells in the mouse retina

Amy Berntson, Robert G. Smith, W. Rowland Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Light-evoked currents were recorded from rod bipolar cells in a dark-adapted mouse retinal slice preparation. Low-intensity light steps evoked a sustained inward current. Saturating light steps evoked an inward current with an initial peak that inactivated, with a time constant of about 60-70 ms, to a steady plateau level that was maintained for the duration of the step. The inactivation was strongest at hyperpolarized potentials, and absent at positive potentials. Inactivation was mediated by an increase in the intracellular calcium concentration, as it was abolished in cells dialyzed with 10 mM BAPTA, but was present in cells dialyzed with 1 mM EGTA. Moreover, responses to brief flashes of light were broader in the presence of intracellular BAPTA indicating that the calcium feedback actively shapes the time course of the light responses. Recovery from inactivation observed for paired-pulse stimuli occurred with a time constant of about 375 ms. Calcium feedback could act to increase the dynamic range of the bipolar cells, and to reduce variability in the amplitude and duration of the single-photon signal. This may be important for nonlinear processing at downstream sites of convergence from rod bipolar cells to All amacrine cells. A model in which intracellular calcium rapidly binds to the light-gated channel and reduces the conductance can account for the results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)913-924
Number of pages12
JournalVisual neuroscience
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2004

Keywords

  • Calcium feedback
  • Metabotropic synapse
  • Retinal neurons
  • Rod bipolar cell
  • Scotopic signals
  • Visual system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Sensory Systems

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