Polyurethane elastomers based on novel polyether macrodiols and MDI: Synthesis, mechanical properties, and resistance to hydrolysis and oxidation

Pathiraja A. Gunatillake, Gordon F. Meijs, Ezio Rizzardo, Ronald C. Chatelier, Simon J. McCarthy, Arthur Brandwood, Klaus Schindhelm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel polyurethane elastomers based on 4,4′‐diphenylmethanediisocyanate, 1,4‐butanediol, and polyether macrodiols that have 6, 8, or 10 methylene groups between the ether oxygens were prepared by two‐step solution polymerization. Their mechanical properties and degradation resistance were compared with poly(tetramethylene oxide)‐based polyurethanes. The new polyurethanes were more resistant to hydrolysis and to hydrogen peroxide‐induced oxidation than were the poly(tetramethylene oxide) ‐based materials. The poly(octamethylene oxide) ‐based polyurethane displayed good resistance to sodium hypochlorite. 1,2‐Diaminoethane chain‐extended polyurethane–ureas were also prepared using the macrodiols poly(hexamethylene oxide) and poly(octamethylene oxide). They were not thermally processable or solvent‐castable. Bulk synthesis of novel polyether polyurethanes yielded, in some cases, materials with improved mechanical properties compared with their solution‐polymerized counterparts. The outcome of the bulk syntheses was highly dependent, however, on reaction conditions and stoichiometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-328
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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