Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy in white patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE:: To report on a series of white patients in the United States with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). METHODS:: This is a retrospective chart review of 27 patients at a single center with PCV. RESULTS:: The mean age was 74.3 with 48% being male. The most common presenting diagnosis was exudative age-related macular degeneration in 59%, and it took 17.5 months to diagnose PCV. During this time, patients received one antivascular endothelial growth factor injection every 1.3 months. The most common reason for suspecting PCV was a large retinal pigment epithelial detachment or a poor response to antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy. Once PCV was diagnosed, most underwent photodynamic therapy. In those who received photodynamic therapy, the fluid and/or age-related macular degeneration decreased in 86%. The vision improved in 41% with 36% maintaining stable vision. Patients received only one additional injection every 3.95 months after photodynamic therapy. CONCLUSION:: This is one of the larger series of PCV in an entirely white population. It emphasizes the importance of diagnosis in whites as PCV can masquerade as recalcitrant exudative age-related macular degeneration. Common findings were a temporal or peripapillary location and the presence of lipid. After photodynamic therapy, the patients still required antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy, but the injection burden was decreased by 67% and vision was found to be improved or maintained in 77% of patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2185-2191
Number of pages7
JournalRetina
Volume34
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 12 2014

Keywords

  • age-related macular degeneration
  • avastin
  • bevacizumab
  • indocyanine green
  • photodynamic therapy
  • pigment epithelial detachment
  • ranibizumab
  • white

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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