Polymerization stress of resin composites as a function of system compliance

Flavia Gonçalves, Carmem Pfeifer, Josete B C Meira, Rafael Y. Ballester, Raul G. Lima, Roberto R. Braga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Evaluate the effect of testing system compliance on polymerization stress and stress distribution of composites. Methods: Composites tested were Filtek Z250 (FZ), Herculite (HL), Tetric Ceram (TC), Helio Fill-AP (HF) and Heliomolar (HM). Stress was determined in 1-mm thick specimens, inserted between two rods of either poly(methyl methacrylate), PMMA, or glass. Experimental nominal stress (σexp) was calculated by dividing the maximum force recorded 5 min after photoactivation by the cross-sectional area of the rod. Composites' elastic modulus (E) was obtained by three-point bending. Data were submitted to one-way ANOVA/Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Stress distribution on longitudinal (σy) and transverse (σx) axes of models representing the composites with the highest and lowest E (FZ and HM, respectively) were evaluated by finite element analysis (FEA). Results: σexp ranged from 5.5 to 8.8 MPa in glass and from 2.6 to 3.4 MPa in PMMA. Composite ranking was not identical in both substrates, since FZ showed σexp statistically higher than HM in glass, while in PMMA FZ showed values similar to the other composites. A strong correlation was found between stress reduction (%) from glass to PMMA and composite's E (r2 = 0.946). FEA revealed that system compliance was influenced by the composite (FZ led to higher compliance than HM). σx distribution was similar in both substrates, while σy distribution showed larger areas of compressive stresses in specimens built on PMMA. Significance: σexp determined in PMMA was 53-68% lower than in glass. Composite ranking varied slightly due to differences in substrates' longitudinal and transverse deformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-652
Number of pages8
JournalDental Materials
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Composite Resins
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Polymerization
Compliance
Resins
Glass
Composite materials
Finite Element Analysis
Stress concentration
Substrates
Elastic Modulus
Finite element method
Analysis of Variance
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Polymethyl methacrylates
Compressive stress
Filtek Z250
Elastic moduli
Heliomolar
Testing

Keywords

  • Finite element analysis
  • Polymerization stress
  • Resin composite
  • Three-point bending

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Gonçalves, F., Pfeifer, C., Meira, J. B. C., Ballester, R. Y., Lima, R. G., & Braga, R. R. (2008). Polymerization stress of resin composites as a function of system compliance. Dental Materials, 24(5), 645-652. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2007.06.032

Polymerization stress of resin composites as a function of system compliance. / Gonçalves, Flavia; Pfeifer, Carmem; Meira, Josete B C; Ballester, Rafael Y.; Lima, Raul G.; Braga, Roberto R.

In: Dental Materials, Vol. 24, No. 5, 05.2008, p. 645-652.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gonçalves, F, Pfeifer, C, Meira, JBC, Ballester, RY, Lima, RG & Braga, RR 2008, 'Polymerization stress of resin composites as a function of system compliance', Dental Materials, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 645-652. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2007.06.032
Gonçalves, Flavia ; Pfeifer, Carmem ; Meira, Josete B C ; Ballester, Rafael Y. ; Lima, Raul G. ; Braga, Roberto R. / Polymerization stress of resin composites as a function of system compliance. In: Dental Materials. 2008 ; Vol. 24, No. 5. pp. 645-652.
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