Polymerization stress of experimental composites containing random short glass fibers

Anne C E Bocalon, Daniela Mita, Livia C. Natale, Carmem Pfeifer, Roberto R. Braga

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Abstract

Objective: To test the null hypotheses that (1) the replacement of particles by short fibers does not affect polymerization stress (PS), flexural modulus (FM) or volumetric shrinkage (VS) of experimental composites and (2) PS is not affected by specimen thickness. Methods: Three experimental composites were prepared, each containing similar mass fractions of BisGMA and TEGDMA and 60 vol% of fillers, being 0%, 3% or 6% constituted by 1.6-mm long glass fibers and the remaining by 1. μm glass particles. PS (n = 5) was tested in a high compliance system, using two specimen heights (1.5. mm and 4.0. mm). VS and maximum shrinkage rate were obtained in a mercury dilatometer (n = 3). FM was tested in three-point bending (n = 10). As an additional control, a commercial composite (Filtek Z250, 3. M ESPE) was tested. Data were recorded 10. min after the onset of photoactivation and analyzed by ANOVA/Tukey test (FM only) and Kruskal-Wallis (alpha: 5%). Results: At both specimen heights, the composite with 3% of fibers presented significantly higher PS than the controls (which showed similar PS values). Replacing 6% of particles by fibers did not increase PS significantly. FM was reduced in the presence of fibers, and 6% of fibers led to a decrease in VS. Shrinkage rate was not affected by the fibers. Significance: Replacing 3. vol% of particles by fibers resulted in significantly higher PS, which was associated to a decrease in FM compared to the control. PS was not affected by specimen height for any of the tested materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDental Materials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 21 2015

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Keywords

  • Composite
  • Flexural modulus
  • Glass fiber
  • Polymerization stress
  • Shrinkage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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