Polygenic and single-gene determination of responses to ethanol in BXD/Ty recombinant inbred mouse strains

John Jr Crabbe, A. Kosobud, E. R. Young, J. S. Janowsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Scopus citations


Male mice of parent inbred strains C57BL/6J and DBA/2J, and mice from several of the BXD/Ty Recombinant Inbred (RI) strains derived from the cross of the parent inbred strains were tested for responsiveness to ethanol. Separate groups of mice from these strains were characterized for sensitivity to ethanol's effects to increase activity in an open field and to induce ambulatory ataxia in the grid test. The strain distribution pattern of the RI strains indicated polygenic control of both responses to ethanol. Other mice from this battery were tested for acceptance of an ethanol solution, a measure related to preference drinking. This trait may be substantially influenced by a single gene. Mice were then rendered physically dependent on ethanol through inhalation of ethanol vapor for three days. Severity of handling-induced convulsions was used to index the severity of the ethanol withdrawal syndrome. The distribution of the RI strains indicated possible influence of a major gene on ethanol withdrawal severity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalNeurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Embryology
  • Toxicology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this