Plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity: Diagnostic impact of field of view

Rohini Rao, Nina J. Jonsson, Camila Ventura, Rony Gelman, Martin A. Lindquist, Daniel S. Casper, Michael F. Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine the impact of retinal field of view and magnification on interexpert reliability of plus disease diagnosis in retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS: Fifteen wide-angle images from infants with retinopathy of prematurity were cropped and adjusted in magnification to create 2 additional image categories: medium angle (40°-50°) and narrow angle (20°-30°). These 45 images were uploaded to a Web-based system and interpreted independently by 13 experts of retinopathy of prematurity using a 3-level (plus, preplus, neither) and 2-level (plus, not plus) classification. Absolute agreement and kappa statistics were calculated to compare interexpert reliability. RESULTS: In the 3-level classification, ≥70% experts agreed on the same diagnosis in 8 of the 15 wide-angle images (53%), but only in 3 of the 15 medium-angle (20%) and 3 of the 15 narrow-angle (20%) images. In the 2-level classification, ≥80% experts agreed on the same diagnosis in 11 of the 15 wide-angle images (73%), but only in 9 of the 15 medium-angle (60%) and 3 of the 15 narrow-angle (20%) images. Mean kappa of each expert compared with all other experts was 0.40 to 0.59 in 8 of 13 experts (62%) using wide-angle images, was 0 to 0.19 in 7 of 13 experts (54%) using medium-angle images, and was 0.20 to 0.39 in 9 of 13 experts (69%) using narrow-angle images. CONCLUSION: Interexpert agreement in plus disease diagnosis in wide-angle images is higher than from medium-angle and narrow-angle images. Plus disease is defined using a narrow-angle standard published photograph, yet this study suggests that peripheral findings also contribute to diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1148-1155
Number of pages8
JournalRetina
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • medical informatics
  • pediatric ophthalmology
  • retina
  • retinopathy of prematurity
  • telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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    Rao, R., Jonsson, N. J., Ventura, C., Gelman, R., Lindquist, M. A., Casper, D. S., & Chiang, M. F. (2012). Plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity: Diagnostic impact of field of view. Retina, 32(6), 1148-1155. https://doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0b013e31823ac3c3