Platelet Proteomes, Pathways, and Phenotypes as Informants of Vascular Wellness and Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Platelets rapidly undergo responsive transitions in form and function to repair vascular endothelium and mediate hemostasis. In contrast, heterogeneous platelet subpopulations with a range of primed or refractory phenotypes gradually arise in chronic inflammatory and other conditions in a manner that may indicate or support disease. Qualitatively distinguishable platelet phenotypes are increasingly associated with a variety of physiological and pathological circumstances; however, the origins and significance of platelet phenotypic variation remain unclear and conceptually vague. As changes in platelet function in disease exhibit many similarities to platelets following the activation of platelet agonist receptors, the intracellular responses of platelets common to hemostasis and inflammation may provide insights to the molecular basis of platelet phenotype. Here, we review concepts around how protein-level relations-from platelet receptors through intracellular signaling events-may help to define platelet phenotypes in inflammation, immune responses, aging, and other conditions. We further discuss how representing systems-wide platelet proteomics data profiles as circuit-like networks of causally related intracellular events, or, pathway maps, may inform molecular definitions of platelet phenotype. In addition to offering insights into platelets as druggable targets, maps of causally arranged intracellular relations underlying platelet function can also advance precision and interceptive medicine efforts by leveraging platelets as accessible, dynamic, endogenous, circulating biomarkers of vascular wellness and disease. Graphic Abstract: A graphic abstract is available for this article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)999-1011
Number of pages13
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • hemostasis
  • immunity
  • inflammation
  • proteomics
  • vascular endothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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