Placental insufficiency decreases cell cycle activity and terminal maturation in fetal sheep cardiomyocytes

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    Abstract

    Umbilicoplacental embolization (UPE) in sheep has been used to investigate the effects of placental insufficiency on fetal development. However, its specific effects on the heart have been little studied. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of placental insufficiency, induced by UPE, on cardiomyocyte size, maturation and proliferation. Instrumented fetal sheep underwent UPE for either 10 or 20 days. Hearts were collected at 125 ± 1 days (10 day group) or 136 ± 1 days (20 day group) of gestation (term ∼145 days). Cell size, maturational state (as measured by the proportion of binucleated myocytes) and cell cycle activity (as measured by positive staining of cells for Ki-67) were determined in dissociated cardiomyocytes. UPE fetuses were hypoxaemic, but mean arterial pressures were not different from controls. UPE fetuses were lighter than control fetuses (10 days: -21%, P <0.05; 20 days: -27%, P <0.01) and had smaller hearts, but heart weight was appropriate for body weight. Neither lengths nor widths were different between control and UPE cardiomyocytes at either age. Ten days of UPE did not significantly alter the proportion of binucleated myocytes or cell cycle activity in either ventricle. However, 20 days of UPE reduced cell cycle activity in both ventricles by ∼70% (P <0.05); the proportion of binucleated myocytes was also lower in UPE fetuses at this age (left ventricle: 31.1 ± 12.0 versus 46.0 ± 6.6%, P <0.05; right ventricle: 29.4 ± 12.3 versus 46.3 ± 5.3%, P <0.05). It is concluded that in the absence of fetal arterial hypertension, placental insufficiency is associated with substantially depressed growth of the heart through suppressed proliferation and maturation of cardiomyocytes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)639-648
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Physiology
    Volume580
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 15 2007

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    Placental Insufficiency
    Cardiac Myocytes
    Sheep
    Cell Cycle
    Fetus
    Muscle Cells
    Heart Ventricles
    Fetal Development
    Cell Size
    Arterial Pressure
    Body Weight
    Staining and Labeling
    Hypertension
    Weights and Measures
    Pregnancy
    Growth

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology

    Cite this

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    title = "Placental insufficiency decreases cell cycle activity and terminal maturation in fetal sheep cardiomyocytes",
    abstract = "Umbilicoplacental embolization (UPE) in sheep has been used to investigate the effects of placental insufficiency on fetal development. However, its specific effects on the heart have been little studied. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of placental insufficiency, induced by UPE, on cardiomyocyte size, maturation and proliferation. Instrumented fetal sheep underwent UPE for either 10 or 20 days. Hearts were collected at 125 ± 1 days (10 day group) or 136 ± 1 days (20 day group) of gestation (term ∼145 days). Cell size, maturational state (as measured by the proportion of binucleated myocytes) and cell cycle activity (as measured by positive staining of cells for Ki-67) were determined in dissociated cardiomyocytes. UPE fetuses were hypoxaemic, but mean arterial pressures were not different from controls. UPE fetuses were lighter than control fetuses (10 days: -21{\%}, P <0.05; 20 days: -27{\%}, P <0.01) and had smaller hearts, but heart weight was appropriate for body weight. Neither lengths nor widths were different between control and UPE cardiomyocytes at either age. Ten days of UPE did not significantly alter the proportion of binucleated myocytes or cell cycle activity in either ventricle. However, 20 days of UPE reduced cell cycle activity in both ventricles by ∼70{\%} (P <0.05); the proportion of binucleated myocytes was also lower in UPE fetuses at this age (left ventricle: 31.1 ± 12.0 versus 46.0 ± 6.6{\%}, P <0.05; right ventricle: 29.4 ± 12.3 versus 46.3 ± 5.3{\%}, P <0.05). It is concluded that in the absence of fetal arterial hypertension, placental insufficiency is associated with substantially depressed growth of the heart through suppressed proliferation and maturation of cardiomyocytes.",
    author = "Samantha Louey and Sonnet Jonker and George Giraud and Kent Thornburg",
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    AU - Louey, Samantha

    AU - Jonker, Sonnet

    AU - Giraud, George

    AU - Thornburg, Kent

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    AB - Umbilicoplacental embolization (UPE) in sheep has been used to investigate the effects of placental insufficiency on fetal development. However, its specific effects on the heart have been little studied. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of placental insufficiency, induced by UPE, on cardiomyocyte size, maturation and proliferation. Instrumented fetal sheep underwent UPE for either 10 or 20 days. Hearts were collected at 125 ± 1 days (10 day group) or 136 ± 1 days (20 day group) of gestation (term ∼145 days). Cell size, maturational state (as measured by the proportion of binucleated myocytes) and cell cycle activity (as measured by positive staining of cells for Ki-67) were determined in dissociated cardiomyocytes. UPE fetuses were hypoxaemic, but mean arterial pressures were not different from controls. UPE fetuses were lighter than control fetuses (10 days: -21%, P <0.05; 20 days: -27%, P <0.01) and had smaller hearts, but heart weight was appropriate for body weight. Neither lengths nor widths were different between control and UPE cardiomyocytes at either age. Ten days of UPE did not significantly alter the proportion of binucleated myocytes or cell cycle activity in either ventricle. However, 20 days of UPE reduced cell cycle activity in both ventricles by ∼70% (P <0.05); the proportion of binucleated myocytes was also lower in UPE fetuses at this age (left ventricle: 31.1 ± 12.0 versus 46.0 ± 6.6%, P <0.05; right ventricle: 29.4 ± 12.3 versus 46.3 ± 5.3%, P <0.05). It is concluded that in the absence of fetal arterial hypertension, placental insufficiency is associated with substantially depressed growth of the heart through suppressed proliferation and maturation of cardiomyocytes.

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