Growth factors and other stimuli increase the activity of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K), an SH2 domain-containing lipid kinase. In the murine kidney inner medullary mIMCD3 cell line, urea (200 mM) increased PI3K activity in a time-dependent fashion as measured by immune complex kinase assay. The PI3K effector, Akt, was also activated by urea as measured by antiphospho-Akt immunoblotting. In addition, the Akt (and PI3K) effector, p70 S6 kinase, was activated by urea treatment in a PI3K-dependent fashion. PI3K inhibition potentiated the proapoptotic effect of hypertonic and urea stress. Urea treatment also induced the tyrosine phosphorylation of Shc and the recruitment to Shc of Grb2. Coexistence of activated Shc and PI3K in a macromolecular complex was suggested by the increase in PI3K activity evident in anti-Shc immunoprecipitates prepared from urea-treated cells. Taken together, these data suggest that PI3K may regulate physiological events in the renal medullary cell response to urea stress and that an upstream tyrosine kinase conferring activation of both PI3K and Shc may govern urea signaling in these cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology|
|Issue number||1 47-1|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|
- Sodium chloride
- mIMCD3 cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas