Physical illness, functional limitations, and suicide risk

A population-based study

Mark S. Kaplan, Bentson McFarland, Nathalie Huguet, Jason T. Newsom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the independent association of physical illness and functional limitations with suicide mortality risk. The Cox proportional hazards model was used with data from the 1986-1994 National Health Interview Survey linked to the 1986-1997 National Death Index to analyze the effects of chronic physical illness and functional limitations on suicide deaths (ICD-9 E950-959). After controlling for potential confounders at baseline, functional limitations were shown to be a significant predictor of suicide. Also, psychiatric comorbidity increased the risk of completing suicide. Interestingly, chronic conditions alone were not predictive of suicide completion when functional limitation was added to the model. Implications for the clinical management of suicidal behavior among patients with chronic conditions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-60
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

Fingerprint

Suicide
Population
International Classification of Diseases
Health Surveys
Proportional Hazards Models
Psychiatry
Comorbidity
Chronic Disease
Illness
Physical
Interviews
Mortality

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Functional limitation
  • Mortality risk
  • Physical illness
  • Prospective study
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Physical illness, functional limitations, and suicide risk : A population-based study. / Kaplan, Mark S.; McFarland, Bentson; Huguet, Nathalie; Newsom, Jason T.

In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol. 77, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 56-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kaplan, Mark S. ; McFarland, Bentson ; Huguet, Nathalie ; Newsom, Jason T. / Physical illness, functional limitations, and suicide risk : A population-based study. In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 2007 ; Vol. 77, No. 1. pp. 56-60.
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