Phosphorylation of AMPA-type glutamate receptors by calcium/calmodulin- dependent protein kinase II and protein kinase C in cultured hippocampal neurons

S. E. Tan, R. J. Wenthold, T. R. Soderling

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    162 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Phosphorylation of glutamate receptors (GluRs) is emerging as an important regulatory mechanism. In this study 32P labeling of non-NMDA GluRs was investigated in cultured hippocampal neurons stimulated 2-15 min with agonists that selectively stimulate either Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-kinase II), Ca2+/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase C (PKC), or cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA). Treatment of hippocampal neurons with glutamate/glycine (Glu/Gly), ionomycin, or 12-O- tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) increased 32P labeling of immunoprecipitated α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazoleproprionate (AMPA)- type GluRs by 145%, 180%, and 227%, respectively, of control values. This increased phosphorylation of GluRs was predominantly 32P-Ser with little 32P-Thr and no detectable 32P-Tyr. Glu/Gly and ionomycin, but not TPA, also increased 32P labeling of CaM-kinase II by 175% and 195%, respectively, of control values. Of these three agonists, only TPA stimulated phosphorylation of MARCKS (225% of control), a specific substrate of PKC. Forskolin treatment gave a three- to fourfold increase in the active catalytic subunit of PKA but did not result in the 32P labeling of AMPA- type GluRs, CaM-kinase II, or MARCKS. Phosphorylation of GluRs in response to Glu/Gly was blocked by a specific NMDA receptor/ion channel antagonist (DL- 2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid) or by a cell-permeable inhibitor of CaM- kinase II (1-[N,O-bis(1,5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-N-methyl-L-tyrosyl]-4- phenylpiperazine, KN-62). These results are consistent with the hypothesis that Ca2+ influx through the NMDA-type ion channel can activate CaM-kinase II, which in turn can phosphorylate and regulate AMPA-type GluR ion channels (McGlade-McCulloh et al., 1993). Such a mechanism could contribute to the postsynaptic component of long-term potentiation and other forms of synaptic plasticity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1123-1129
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Neuroscience
    Volume14
    Issue number3 I
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1994

    Keywords

    • calmodulin-kinase
    • glutamate receptor
    • hippocampus
    • protein kinase
    • synaptic plasticity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience(all)

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