Phosphodiesterase inhibition by Ro 20-1724 reduces hyper-IgE synthesis by atopic dermatitis cells in vitro

K. D. Cooper, K. Kang, S. C. Chan, J. M. Hanifin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes (MNL) from patients with atopic dermatitis spontaneously produce large amounts of IgE in vitro. These cells also show markedly elevated levels of cAMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) which may be responsible for the observed abnormal cAMP responsiveness. Treatment of atopic dermatitis MNL with varying concentrations of the cAMP PDE inhibitor Ro 20-1724 resulted in progressively decreasing amounts of IgE synthesis, statistically significant at the 10-4 M and 10-5 M concentrations. There was a close correlation between PDE inhibition and inhibition of IgE synthesis, r = 0.93, p<0.05. To define the cellular target of the drug, we used monoclonal antibodies directed toward MNL subsets (Lyt 3, OKT8, OKT4, monocyte-myeloid) in a modified 'panning' method to perform experiments with purified subsets. With untreated subsets, removal of OKT4-positive cells significantly reduced IgE synthesis; readdition of OKT4-positive cells enhanced IgE synthesis. Pretreatment of T cell-depleted MNL with Ro 20-1724 resulted in significantly more inhibition of IgE synthesis than did pretreatment of T enriched cells prior to recombination with the reciprocal untreated subset and subsequent culture. Similarly, pretreatment of monocyte-depleted cells resulted in significantly more inhibition of IgE synthesis than pretreatment of monocyte-enriched cells prior to recombination and culture. The majority of the effect appeared to be mediated by a direct effect on the B cells. However, some inhibition of IgE synthesis was also achieved through pretreatment of T enriched cells. Since pretreatment of isolated suppressor/cytotoxic or helper/inducer T-cell subsets did not give the same degree of inhibition as with unfractionated T cells, a T-T interaction may be involved in this aspect. The imidazolidinone derivative, Ro 20-1724, significantly and consistently inhibited both the elevated cAMP phosphodiesterase activity and the elevated spontaneous IgE synthesis of MNL from patients with atopic dermatitis. These findings demonstrate a previously undescribed link between cAMP PDE levels and in vitro IgE synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-482
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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