Phosphatidylserine-positive particles in the apical domain of sensory hair cells

Shi Xiao-rui, Alfred Nuttall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Apical membrane recycling has been proposed to be important for normal hair cell function. The current study reports an in vitro work that demonstrates the presence of phosphatidylserine (PS) and PS-positive vesicles labeled by Annexin V in the apical portion of hair cells. The following characteristics of the PS-positive vesicles were noticed using scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy:(1) variable sizes around 200 nm; (2) variable distribution patterns (either uniformly along individual stereocilia in the hair bundle or irregular) in the stereocilia from cell to cell; (3) variable sizes and numbers at locations along the border of the cuticular plate (CP), with a large number of them located at the vestigal kinocilial location; (4) motility with some of the vesicles during the observation period; (5) increase in PS labeling and the number of PS-positive vesicles after loud sound stimulation; and (6) decreased PS labeling and PS-positive vesicle numbers following treatment with LY-294002, a PI3 -kinase inhibitor. These results suggest that the presence of PS-positive vesicles at the apical area of hair cells may be indicative of vesicle shedding or transportation of a protein or rafts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Otology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2006


  • Annexin V
  • Hair cell
  • PS
  • PS-positive particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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