Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate inhibits granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation in a human factor-dependent hematopoietic cell line

Y. Kanakura, B. Druker, J. DiCarlo, S. A. Cannistra, J. D. Griffin

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The human myeloid cell line MO7 requires either granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) or interleukin 3 (IL-3) for proliferation. We have previously shown that both GM-CSF and IL-3 transiently induce tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of proteins, including two cytosolic proteins, p93 and p70, which are maximally phosphorylated 5-15 min after addition of growth factor to factor-deprived cells. GM-CSF-induced proliferation of MO7 cells was found to be inhibited by two activators of protein kinase C, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and bryostatin-1. PMA did not affect surface expression or affinity of the GM-CSF receptor but significantly inhibited GM-CSF- or IL-3-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of p93 and p70. In contrast, PMA augmented GM-CSF-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of another protein, p42. Pretreatment of cells with sodium orthovanadate to inhibit protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPase) partially reversed the inhibitory effects of PMA. These results suggest that one aspect of GM-CSF and IL-3 signal transduction, protein tyrosine phosphorylation, can be inhibited by a mechanism which does not involve receptor down-regulation, and may involve either inhibition of a receptor-activated tyrosine kinase, activation of a protein tyrosine phosphatase, or both. This mechanism could be important in exerting control of proliferation of some types of hematopoietic cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-495
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 31 1991


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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