Pharmacokinetics of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I given subcutaneously to healthy volunteers and to patients with growth hormone receptor deficiency

A. Grahnen, K. Kastrup, U. Heinrich, M. Gourmelen, M. A. Preece, M. A. Vaccarello, J. Guevara-Aguirre, Ronald (Ron) Rosenfeld, A. Sietnieks

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60 Scopus citations


The pharmacokinetics of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I (rhIGF-I) were studied in healthy volunteers and in patients with growth hormone receptor deficiency (GHRD; Laron syndrome). Following single subcutaneous injections of rhIGF-I, 40 and 80 μg/kg, to healthy volunteers, the peptide was absorbed slowly, with a maximum concentration reached after about 7 hours. Following daily multiple subcutaneous injections of rhIGF-I, 40 μg/kg, trough concentrations of IGF-I were increased by 277 ± 50 μg/l (mean ± SD) from baseline. IGF-I was thus characterized as a low-clearance peptide, with a clearance and half-life estimated at about 0.20 ml/minute/kg and 20 hours, respectively, in healthy volunteers. The volume of distribution was low, about 0.20-0.36 litres/kg, the bioavailability of subcutaneously administered rhIGF-I was 100%, and the rate of production of IGF-I was estimated to be about 50 μg/kg/day (3.5 mg/day). Patients with GHRD had low baseline IGF-I concentrations (30-50 μg/l) and a much more rapid turnover of IGF-I compared with that in healthy volunteers. The clearance and half-life of IGF-I were estimated to be about 0.60 ml/minute/kg and 6 hours, respectively. The volume of distribution was about the same as in healthy subjects. Due to the rapid turnover of IGF-I, trough IGF-I concentrations were increased to just above baseline during subcutaneous injections of 40 μg/kg once daily for 7 days. The maximum increase in IGF-I levels was 111 ± 12 μg/l and 150 ± 3 μg/l following daily subcutaneous injections of 40 x 1 and 40 x 2 μg/kg for 7 days, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-13
Number of pages5
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, Supplement
Issue number391
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes



  • growth hormone receptor deficiency
  • hypoglycaemia
  • insulin-like growth factor I
  • Laron syndrome
  • pharmacokinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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