Personality predicts mortality risk: An integrative data analysis of 15 international longitudinal studies

Eileen K. Graham, Joshua P. Rutsohn, Nicholas A. Turiano, Rebecca Bendayan, Philip J. Batterham, Denis Gerstorf, Mindy J. Katz, Chandra A. Reynolds, Emily S. Sharp, Tomiko B. Yoneda, Emily D. Bastarache, Lorien G. Elleman, Elizabeth M. Zelinski, Boo Johansson, Diana Kuh, Lisa L. Barnes, David A. Bennett, Dorly J.H. Deeg, Richard B. Lipton, Nancy L. PedersenAndrea M. Piccinin, Avron Spiro, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Sherry L. Willis, K. Warner Schaie, Carol Roan, Pamela Herd, Scott Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the Big Five personality traits as predictors of mortality risk, and smoking as a mediator of that association. Replication was built into the fabric of our design: we used a Coordinated Analysis with 15 international datasets, representing 44,094 participants. We found that high neuroticism and low conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness were consistent predictors of mortality across studies. Smoking had a small mediating effect for neuroticism. Country and baseline age explained variation in effects: studies with older baseline age showed a pattern of protective effects (HR < 1.00) for openness, and U.S. studies showed a pattern of protective effects for extraversion. This study demonstrated coordinated analysis as a powerful approach to enhance replicability and reproducibility, especially for aging-related longitudinal research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-186
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume70
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Longitudinal Studies
Personality
Smoking
Mortality
Research
Neuroticism
Extraversion (Psychology)
Datasets

Keywords

  • Generalizability
  • Health behaviors
  • Mortality
  • Personality
  • Replicability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Graham, E. K., Rutsohn, J. P., Turiano, N. A., Bendayan, R., Batterham, P. J., Gerstorf, D., ... Mroczek, D. K. (2017). Personality predicts mortality risk: An integrative data analysis of 15 international longitudinal studies. Journal of Research in Personality, 70, 174-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2017.07.005

Personality predicts mortality risk : An integrative data analysis of 15 international longitudinal studies. / Graham, Eileen K.; Rutsohn, Joshua P.; Turiano, Nicholas A.; Bendayan, Rebecca; Batterham, Philip J.; Gerstorf, Denis; Katz, Mindy J.; Reynolds, Chandra A.; Sharp, Emily S.; Yoneda, Tomiko B.; Bastarache, Emily D.; Elleman, Lorien G.; Zelinski, Elizabeth M.; Johansson, Boo; Kuh, Diana; Barnes, Lisa L.; Bennett, David A.; Deeg, Dorly J.H.; Lipton, Richard B.; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Piccinin, Andrea M.; Spiro, Avron; Muniz-Terrera, Graciela; Willis, Sherry L.; Warner Schaie, K.; Roan, Carol; Herd, Pamela; Hofer, Scott; Mroczek, Daniel K.

In: Journal of Research in Personality, Vol. 70, 01.10.2017, p. 174-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Graham, EK, Rutsohn, JP, Turiano, NA, Bendayan, R, Batterham, PJ, Gerstorf, D, Katz, MJ, Reynolds, CA, Sharp, ES, Yoneda, TB, Bastarache, ED, Elleman, LG, Zelinski, EM, Johansson, B, Kuh, D, Barnes, LL, Bennett, DA, Deeg, DJH, Lipton, RB, Pedersen, NL, Piccinin, AM, Spiro, A, Muniz-Terrera, G, Willis, SL, Warner Schaie, K, Roan, C, Herd, P, Hofer, S & Mroczek, DK 2017, 'Personality predicts mortality risk: An integrative data analysis of 15 international longitudinal studies', Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 70, pp. 174-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2017.07.005
Graham, Eileen K. ; Rutsohn, Joshua P. ; Turiano, Nicholas A. ; Bendayan, Rebecca ; Batterham, Philip J. ; Gerstorf, Denis ; Katz, Mindy J. ; Reynolds, Chandra A. ; Sharp, Emily S. ; Yoneda, Tomiko B. ; Bastarache, Emily D. ; Elleman, Lorien G. ; Zelinski, Elizabeth M. ; Johansson, Boo ; Kuh, Diana ; Barnes, Lisa L. ; Bennett, David A. ; Deeg, Dorly J.H. ; Lipton, Richard B. ; Pedersen, Nancy L. ; Piccinin, Andrea M. ; Spiro, Avron ; Muniz-Terrera, Graciela ; Willis, Sherry L. ; Warner Schaie, K. ; Roan, Carol ; Herd, Pamela ; Hofer, Scott ; Mroczek, Daniel K. / Personality predicts mortality risk : An integrative data analysis of 15 international longitudinal studies. In: Journal of Research in Personality. 2017 ; Vol. 70. pp. 174-186.
@article{3ae049062d094d6c8442ba387e081483,
title = "Personality predicts mortality risk: An integrative data analysis of 15 international longitudinal studies",
abstract = "This study examined the Big Five personality traits as predictors of mortality risk, and smoking as a mediator of that association. Replication was built into the fabric of our design: we used a Coordinated Analysis with 15 international datasets, representing 44,094 participants. We found that high neuroticism and low conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness were consistent predictors of mortality across studies. Smoking had a small mediating effect for neuroticism. Country and baseline age explained variation in effects: studies with older baseline age showed a pattern of protective effects (HR < 1.00) for openness, and U.S. studies showed a pattern of protective effects for extraversion. This study demonstrated coordinated analysis as a powerful approach to enhance replicability and reproducibility, especially for aging-related longitudinal research.",
keywords = "Generalizability, Health behaviors, Mortality, Personality, Replicability",
author = "Graham, {Eileen K.} and Rutsohn, {Joshua P.} and Turiano, {Nicholas A.} and Rebecca Bendayan and Batterham, {Philip J.} and Denis Gerstorf and Katz, {Mindy J.} and Reynolds, {Chandra A.} and Sharp, {Emily S.} and Yoneda, {Tomiko B.} and Bastarache, {Emily D.} and Elleman, {Lorien G.} and Zelinski, {Elizabeth M.} and Boo Johansson and Diana Kuh and Barnes, {Lisa L.} and Bennett, {David A.} and Deeg, {Dorly J.H.} and Lipton, {Richard B.} and Pedersen, {Nancy L.} and Piccinin, {Andrea M.} and Avron Spiro and Graciela Muniz-Terrera and Willis, {Sherry L.} and {Warner Schaie}, K. and Carol Roan and Pamela Herd and Scott Hofer and Mroczek, {Daniel K.}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jrp.2017.07.005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "70",
pages = "174--186",
journal = "Journal of Research in Personality",
issn = "0092-6566",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality predicts mortality risk

T2 - An integrative data analysis of 15 international longitudinal studies

AU - Graham, Eileen K.

AU - Rutsohn, Joshua P.

AU - Turiano, Nicholas A.

AU - Bendayan, Rebecca

AU - Batterham, Philip J.

AU - Gerstorf, Denis

AU - Katz, Mindy J.

AU - Reynolds, Chandra A.

AU - Sharp, Emily S.

AU - Yoneda, Tomiko B.

AU - Bastarache, Emily D.

AU - Elleman, Lorien G.

AU - Zelinski, Elizabeth M.

AU - Johansson, Boo

AU - Kuh, Diana

AU - Barnes, Lisa L.

AU - Bennett, David A.

AU - Deeg, Dorly J.H.

AU - Lipton, Richard B.

AU - Pedersen, Nancy L.

AU - Piccinin, Andrea M.

AU - Spiro, Avron

AU - Muniz-Terrera, Graciela

AU - Willis, Sherry L.

AU - Warner Schaie, K.

AU - Roan, Carol

AU - Herd, Pamela

AU - Hofer, Scott

AU - Mroczek, Daniel K.

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - This study examined the Big Five personality traits as predictors of mortality risk, and smoking as a mediator of that association. Replication was built into the fabric of our design: we used a Coordinated Analysis with 15 international datasets, representing 44,094 participants. We found that high neuroticism and low conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness were consistent predictors of mortality across studies. Smoking had a small mediating effect for neuroticism. Country and baseline age explained variation in effects: studies with older baseline age showed a pattern of protective effects (HR < 1.00) for openness, and U.S. studies showed a pattern of protective effects for extraversion. This study demonstrated coordinated analysis as a powerful approach to enhance replicability and reproducibility, especially for aging-related longitudinal research.

AB - This study examined the Big Five personality traits as predictors of mortality risk, and smoking as a mediator of that association. Replication was built into the fabric of our design: we used a Coordinated Analysis with 15 international datasets, representing 44,094 participants. We found that high neuroticism and low conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness were consistent predictors of mortality across studies. Smoking had a small mediating effect for neuroticism. Country and baseline age explained variation in effects: studies with older baseline age showed a pattern of protective effects (HR < 1.00) for openness, and U.S. studies showed a pattern of protective effects for extraversion. This study demonstrated coordinated analysis as a powerful approach to enhance replicability and reproducibility, especially for aging-related longitudinal research.

KW - Generalizability

KW - Health behaviors

KW - Mortality

KW - Personality

KW - Replicability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026788493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85026788493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jrp.2017.07.005

DO - 10.1016/j.jrp.2017.07.005

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85026788493

VL - 70

SP - 174

EP - 186

JO - Journal of Research in Personality

JF - Journal of Research in Personality

SN - 0092-6566

ER -