Permanent wave contact dermatitis: Contact allergy to glyceryl monothioglycolate

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Abstract

Eight hairdressers and four clients were found to be allergic to glyceryl monthioglycolate (GMTG) contained m “acid” permanent waves used in American beauty salons only since 1973 Previous studies in Germany showed that compounds closely related to GMTG were strong sensitizers In contrast, ammonium thioglycolate (ATG) has been used since 1943 in cold “alkaline” permanent waves both in homes and in salons with no clearly documented cases of contact allergy Our allergic patients reacted to GMTG in concentrations as low as 0 25%, although their exposure in practice could reach concentrations of 20% to 80% GMTG-allergic patients reacted to GMTG when it was tested thiough a variety of glove fabrics Household-weight neopiene gloves were protective

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-85
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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