Peripheral Blood T Lymphocytes and Lymphocytes Infiltrating Human Cancers Express Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor: A Potential Role for T Cells in Angiogenesis

Michael R. Freeman, Francis X. Schneck, Kathy Niknejad, Michael L. Gagnon, Shay Soker, Michael Klagsbrun, George E. Peoples, Christopher Corless

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

371 Scopus citations

Abstract

CD3+ peripheral blood T lymphocytes were evaluated for expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an endothelial cell mitogen and potent angiogenic factor. VEGF mRNA expression was confirmed in CD3+ cells and Jurkat cells, a human T-cell line, by reverse transcription-PCR and in CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subtypes by Northern blot hybridization. Steady-state levels of VEGF mRNA were inducible in CD3+ T cells by hypoxia, a known inducer of VEGF mRNA accumulation. Secreted VEGF was detected in CD4+ and CD8+ T cell- and Jurkat cell-conditioned medium, indicating that T lymphocytes are capable of exporting bioactive concentrations of VEGF into the extracellular space. Human prostate and bladder cancers (prostatic adenocarcinoma and transitional cell carcinomas) were evaluated for VEGF mRNA expression by in situ hybridization. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL), identifiable immunocytochemi-cally as T cells, along with tumor cells in these cancers, expressed VEGF mRNA. TIL in bladder cancers could be labeled with a specific anti-VEGF mAb, indicating that TIL are likely to be able to secrete VEGF protein in situ at bioactive concentrations. The finding that peripheral T cells and TIL in human tumors synthesize a factor known to be a specific mediator of neovascularization suggests a role for T lymphocytes as cellular effectors of angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4140-4145
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume55
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 15 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Freeman, M. R., Schneck, F. X., Niknejad, K., Gagnon, M. L., Soker, S., Klagsbrun, M., Peoples, G. E., & Corless, C. (1995). Peripheral Blood T Lymphocytes and Lymphocytes Infiltrating Human Cancers Express Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor: A Potential Role for T Cells in Angiogenesis. Cancer Research, 55(18), 4140-4145.