Performance of Validated MicroRNA Biomarkers for Alzheimer's Disease in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Ursula S. Sandau, Jack T. Wiedrick, Sierra J. Smith, Trevor J. McFarland, Theresa A. Lusardi, Babett Lind, Christina A. Harrington, Jodi A. Lapidus, Douglas R. Galasko, Joseph F. Quinn, Julie A. Saugstad, Robert Rissman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been identified, but have not been evaluated in prodromal AD, including mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Objective: To assess whether a set of validated AD miRNA biomarkers in CSF are also sensitive to early-stage pathology as exemplified by MCI diagnosis. Methods: We measured the expression of 17 miRNA biomarkers for AD in CSF samples from AD, MCI, and cognitively normal controls (NC). We then examined classification performance of the miRNAs individually and in combination. For each miRNA, we assessed median expression in each diagnostic group and classified markers as trending linearly, nonlinearly, or lacking any trend across the three groups. For trending miRNAs, we assessed multimarker classification performance alone and in combination with apolipoprotein E ?4 allele (APOE ?4) genotype and amyloid-ß42 to total tau ratio (Aß42:T-Tau). We identified predicted targets of trending miRNAs using pathway analysis. Results: Five miRNAs showed a linear trend of decreasing median expression across the ordered diagnoses (control to MCI to AD). The trending miRNAs jointly predicted AD with area under the curve (AUC) of 0.770, and MCI with AUC of 0.705. Aß42:T-Tau alone predicted MCI with AUC of 0.758 and the AUC improved to 0.813 (p=0.051) after adding the trending miRNAs. Multivariate correlation of the five trending miRNAs with Aß42:T-Tau was weak. Conclusion: Selected miRNAs combined with Aß42:T-Tau improved classification performance (relative to protein biomarkers alone) for MCI, despite a weak correlation with Aß42:T-Tau. Together these data suggest that that these miRNAs carry novel information relevant to AD, even at the MCI stage. Preliminary target prediction analysis suggests novel roles for these biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-263
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • APOE ?4
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • amyloid
  • biomarkers
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • microRNA
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • tau proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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