Pediatric Surgery

Matthew Martin, Aaron Cunningham, Mubeen Jafri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This is a unique question-and-answer chapter for surgical residents and trainees, concentrating on the pediatric surgery. Emergent surgical airways in children carry a higher risk of complications compared with adults. These include injury to the airway, tube misplacement or dislodgment, and longer-term risks of subglottic stenosis. A cuffed tube in the trachea is the only "definitive" airway, although temporary airway devices such as the laryngeal mask airway or combined esophageal/tracheal tubes can provide initial airway control and oxygenation/ventilation until a definitive airway can be established. Younger children have a higher incidence of higher level cervical spine injuries. Burn-related injuries are much less common, but are a cause of significant morbidity and often lifelong disability. Risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the pediatric population are parenteral nutrition supplementation, central venous catheter, deep sedation, and neuromuscular blockade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSurgical Critical Care and Emergency Surgery
Subtitle of host publicationClinical Questions and Answers: Second Edition
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages453-464
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781119317913
ISBN (Print)9781119317920
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 3 2018

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Keywords

  • Burn-related injuries
  • Cervical spine injuries
  • Laryngeal mask airway device
  • Pediatric surgery
  • Subglottic stenosis
  • Surgical airway
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Martin, M., Cunningham, A., & Jafri, M. (2018). Pediatric Surgery. In Surgical Critical Care and Emergency Surgery: Clinical Questions and Answers: Second Edition (pp. 453-464). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119317913.ch46