Pediatric anesthesia and neurotoxicity: what the radiologist needs to know

Katherine Barton, Joshua Nickerson, Timothy Higgins, Robert K. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of cross-sectional imaging in the pediatric population continues to rise, particularly the use of MRI. Limiting motion artifact requires cooperative subjects who do not move during imaging, so there has been an increase in the need for pediatric sedation or anesthesia. Over the last decade, concern has increased that exposure to anesthesia might be associated with long-term cognitive deficits. In this review we report current understanding of the effects of anesthesia on the pediatric population, with special focus on long-term developmental and cognitive outcomes, and suggest how radiologists can use new technologies or imaging strategies to mitigate or minimize these potential risks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-36
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Radiology
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anesthesia
  • Children
  • Developmental delay
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Sedation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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