Patient risk factors for medical injury: A case-control study

Anne M. Marbella, P. W. Laud, Karen Brasel, P. M. Layde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine risk factors of medical injury, defined as untoward injury from diagnostic or therapeutic healthcare interventions. Identifying risk factors for medical injuries could inform the development of preventive interventions. Methods: A hospital-based case-control study. Cases and controls were selected among patients discharged from a large Midwestern teaching hospital between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2004. Cases (n=268) were selected in a three-step process. First, medical injuries in the discharge database were identified using the Wisconsin Medical Injury Prevention Programme Surveillance Criteria. Second, provisional cases were randomly chosen from patients flagged with a medical injury. Provisional controls were randomly selected from patients not flagged with a medical injury, matching for Diagnosis Related Group of the provisional cases. Third, a chart review determined ultimate case-control status. Severity of illness and risk of mortality were calculated using the All Patients Refined-Diagnosis Related Groups system. Zahn's comorbidity score was calculated. Conditional logistic regressions were run with injury status as the dependent variable. Results: Among the 268 cases, 47.8% were procedure-related injuries and 44.8% were medication-related injuries. Conditional logistic regressions found higher severity of illness and higher risks of mortality were related to risk of medical injury (OR 3.29 (95% CI 1.05 to 10.31) and OR 5.16 (95% CI 1.42 to 18.79), respectively). Additional regressions showed the Zahn comorbidity score related to the risk of medical injury (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.31 to 2.02). Conclusions: Patients with higher severity of illness, higher risk of inpatient mortality and multiple comorbidities are at increased risk for a medical injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ Quality and Safety
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Case-Control Studies
Wounds and Injuries
Comorbidity
Diagnosis-Related Groups
Mortality
Logistic Models
Teaching Hospitals
Inpatients
Databases
Delivery of Health Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Cite this

Patient risk factors for medical injury : A case-control study. / Marbella, Anne M.; Laud, P. W.; Brasel, Karen; Layde, P. M.

In: BMJ Quality and Safety, Vol. 20, No. 2, 02.2011, p. 187-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marbella, Anne M. ; Laud, P. W. ; Brasel, Karen ; Layde, P. M. / Patient risk factors for medical injury : A case-control study. In: BMJ Quality and Safety. 2011 ; Vol. 20, No. 2. pp. 187-193.
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