Patient-,Procedure-,and Hospital-Related Risk Factors of Allogeneic and Autologous Blood Transfusion in Pediatric Spinal Fusion Surgery in the United States

Sandi K. Lam, I. Wen Pan, Dominic A. Harris, Christina Sayama, Thomas G. Luerssen, Andrew Jea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


Study Design. Cross-sectional study using data from the Health Care Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database. Objective. Blood loss during spinal fusion surgery may lead to the need for transfusion. Preoperative identification of patient-related, procedure-related, or hospital-related risk factors for blood transfusion would allow for implementation of interventions designed to control excessive bleeding. Summary of Background Data. Several studies have analyzed predictors associated with transfusion in spinal fusion. Identified predictors include age, female sex, anemia, comorbidities, number of fusion levels, osteotomy, and greater hospital volume. There have been few studies examining these predictors in children undergoing spinal fusion. Methods. Using Kids' Inpatient Database data, univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to calculate unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (aOR). P values of less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results. We identified 9538 pediatric hospitalizations (patients

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-569
Number of pages10
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2015
Externally publishedYes



  • blood transfusion
  • pediatric
  • spinal fusion
  • transfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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