Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of an educational intervention at increasing the rates of postpartum (PP) follow-up for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Study Design: A retrospective cohort study of all patients with GDM delivering during 2002-2009 was conducted. The primary outcome was obtaining PP diabetes testing. The 2002-2006 cohort was advised to obtain PP testing by their providers. The 2007-2009 cohort received educational counseling at the 37-38 week visit by a nurse educator. Univariate and multivariable statistical tests were utilized. Results: The PP testing frequency was 53% for the 2007-2009 cohort, compared with 33% for the 2002-2006 cohort (P < .001). When stratified by race/ethnicity, increased rates of testing were seen in whites (28% to 53%, P < .001), Latinas (15% to 50%, P < .001), and Asians (43% to 59%, P = .005). There was a nonsignificant decrease in the African American follow-up, 28% to 17% (P = .414). Conclusion: GDM precedes the development of type 2 diabetes. Antepartum education counseling increases postpartum diabetes testing. More efforts are needed to obtain universal screening.
- gestational diabetes mellitus
- postpartum screening
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology