Patient counseling increases postpartum follow-up in women with gestational diabetes mellitus

Marina Stasenko, Jennifer Liddell, Yvonne W. Cheng, Teresa N. Sparks, Molly Killion, Aaron B. Caughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of an educational intervention at increasing the rates of postpartum (PP) follow-up for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Study Design: A retrospective cohort study of all patients with GDM delivering during 2002-2009 was conducted. The primary outcome was obtaining PP diabetes testing. The 2002-2006 cohort was advised to obtain PP testing by their providers. The 2007-2009 cohort received educational counseling at the 37-38 week visit by a nurse educator. Univariate and multivariable statistical tests were utilized. Results: The PP testing frequency was 53% for the 2007-2009 cohort, compared with 33% for the 2002-2006 cohort (P < .001). When stratified by race/ethnicity, increased rates of testing were seen in whites (28% to 53%, P < .001), Latinas (15% to 50%, P < .001), and Asians (43% to 59%, P = .005). There was a nonsignificant decrease in the African American follow-up, 28% to 17% (P = .414). Conclusion: GDM precedes the development of type 2 diabetes. Antepartum education counseling increases postpartum diabetes testing. More efforts are needed to obtain universal screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)522.e1-522.e6
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume204
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • gestational diabetes mellitus
  • postpartum screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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