Aim: Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an HDL-associated lipolactonase and its association with hypertension is controversial. We studied the possible role of PON1 in blood pressure (BP) regulation, by using PON1 knockout (PON1KO) mice. Methods and results: Both, systolic and diastolic BPs were lower in PON1KO compared to WT mice. Hypotension detected in PON1KO is probably neither related to nitric oxide/guanylate cyclase-mediated vasodilation nor to angiotensin II or aldosterone-mediated vasoconstriction. Surprisingly, when challenged by high-salt diet, BP was further reduced in PON1KO mice. The later, pointed to a possible involvement of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4), and indeed, administration of ruthenium red, a TRPV4 blocker, resulted in a sharp rise in BP. The protein levels of TRPV4 in kidneys of PON1KO were not higher than in WT. However, the renal level of 5,6-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (5,6-EET), a TRPV4 specific agonist, was significantly higher in PON1KO compared with WT mice. 5,6-EET levels were further elevated under high-salt diet or administration of arachidonic acid. Injection of inhibitor of CYP450 epoxygenase resulted in increased BP in PON1KO mice. Injection of recombinant human PON1 resulted in elevation of BP and a concomitant reduction in renal content of 5,6-EET. PON1, in vitro, metabolized 5,6-EET, but not other EETs, to its corresponding diol. Vasodilation, blocked by excess of dietary K + but not reversed by depletion of cellular Ca 2+ stores, point to endothelial-derived hyperpolarization-like response. Conclusion: The present study shows causal, direct relationship between PON1 and blood pressure which is mediated, at least in part, by the regulation of 5,6-EET.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - May 2012|
- Nitric oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine