Parafoveal cone abnormalities and recovery on adaptive optics in posterior uveitis

Kristin Biggee, Michael J. Gale, Travis B. Smith, Eric B. Suhler, Mark E. Pennesi, Phoebe Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To determine if adaptive optics (AO) flood illumination imaging can detect subclinical changes in 4 cases of posterior uveitis affecting the outer retina. Observations In all 4 cases, the affected eye showed altered areas in the photoreceptor mosaic on AO that corresponded to changes on other imaging modalities. Abnormalities not apparent on other imaging modalities were also noted. In one case of multifocal choroiditis with acute outer retinal atrophy, AO revealed decreased visualization of photoreceptors in the unaffected eye that was not noted on spectral domain-optical coherence tomography. In the patient with multiple evanescent white dot syndrome, focal photoreceptor abnormalities were more apparent on AO compared to other imaging modalities, and these areas normalized on AO during follow-up. Five weeks after initiation of high dose prednisone and azathioprine in a patient with serpiginous choroidopathy, AO images showed recovery in apparent parafoveal cone density. Conclusions and importance AO detects subclinical changes in the photoreceptor layer in posterior uveitis that can recover over time. AO may be useful in following outer retinal inflammatory conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-22
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adaptive optics
  • Autofluorescence
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Photoreceptors
  • Posterior uveitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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