P450 eicosanoids and reactive oxygen species interplay in brain injury and neuroprotection

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Significance: Eicosanoids are endogenous lipid mediators that play important roles in brain function and disease. Acute brain injury such as that which occurs in stroke and traumatic brain injury increases the formation of eicosanoids, which, in turn, exacerbate or diminish injury. In chronic neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia (VD), eicosanoid synthetic and metabolizing enzymes are altered, disrupting the balance between neuroprotective and neurotoxic eicosanoids. Recent Advances: Human and experimental studies have established the opposing roles of hydroxy- and epoxyeicosanoids and their potential utility as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets in neural injury. Critical Issues: A gap in knowledge remains in understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the neurovascular actions of specific eicosanoids, such as specific isomers of epoxyeicosatrienoic (EETs) and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs). Future Directions: EETs and HETEs exert their actions on brain cells by targeting multiple mechanisms, which include surface G-protein coupled receptors. The identification of high-affinity receptors for EETs and HETEs and their cellular localization in the brain will be a breakthrough in our understanding of these eicosanoids as mediators of cell-cell communications and contributors to brain development, function, and disease. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 28, 987-1007.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)987-1007
Number of pages21
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume28
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • P450 eicosanoids
  • ROS
  • brain injury
  • epoxyeicosatrienoic
  • hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids
  • neuroprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'P450 eicosanoids and reactive oxygen species interplay in brain injury and neuroprotection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this