Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is one of the major growth factors in ascites from ovarian cancer patients and appears to play an important role in proliferation, survival, and invasion of ovarian cancer cells. Recently, several groups have shown that Edg-2, which belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor family, is a functional LPA receptor. Northern blot analysis showed that most ovarian cancer cell lines express Edg-2. Edg-2 expression was especially high in the cisplatin-resistant and slowly proliferating 2780cp cell line and was almost absent from the cisplatin-sensitive and rapidly proliferating A2780 cell line. We thus assessed whether Edg-2 could contribute to changes in cell viability, cell proliferation, or cisplatin resistance. Stable overexpression of Edg-2 in A2780 cells induced an exogenous LPA-independent decrease in proliferation but did not alter cisplatin sensitivity. The LPA-independent decrease in growth rate induced by overexpression of Edg-2 could be explained, at least in part, by Edg-2- induced apoptosis rather than by effects on cell cycle progression. In agreement with the results in stably transfected A2780 cells, transient expression of Edg-2 in Jurkat T cells also induced apoptosis. When cells were separated from the extracellular matrix, they underwent a specialized form of apoptosis called anoikis, which is particularly important in survival of cells in the circulation during metastasis. A2780 cells engineered to overexpress Edg-2 were particularly sensitive to anoikis. These observations suggest that Edg-2 may be a negative regulator for ovarian epithelial cell growth and metastasis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Dec 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research