Overall survival benefit associated with adjuvant radiotherapy in WHO grade II meningioma

Chenyang Wang, Tania B. Kaprealian, John H. Suh, Charlotte D. Kubicky, Jeremy N. Ciporen, Yiyi Chen, Jerry J. Jaboin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) after surgical resection of World Health Organization (WHO) grade II meningioma, also known as atypical meningioma (AM), is a topic of controversy. The purpose of this study is to compare overall survival (OS) with or without adjuvant RT after subtotal resection (STR) or gross total resection (GTR) in AM patients diagnosed according to the 2007 WHO classification. Methods. The National Cancer Database was used to identify 2515 patients who were diagnosed with AM between 2009 and 2012 and underwent STR or GTR with or without adjuvant RT. Propensity score matching was first applied to balance covariates including age, year of diagnosis, sex, race, histology, and tumor size in STR or GTR cohorts stratified by adjuvant RT status. Multivariate regression according to the Cox proportional hazards model and Kaplan-Meier survival plots with log-rank test were then used to evaluate OS difference associated with adjuvant RT. Results. GTR is associated with improved OS compared with STR. In the subgroup analysis, adjuvant RT in patients who underwent STR demonstrated significant association with improved OS compared with no adjuvant RT (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] 0.590, P = .045); however, adjuvant RT is not associated with improved OS in patients who underwent GTR (AHR 1.093, P = .737). Conclusions. Despite the lack of consensus on whether adjuvant RT reduces recurrence after surgical resection of AM, our study observed significantly improved OS with adjuvant RT compared with no adjuvant RT after STR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1263-1270
Number of pages8
JournalNeuro-Oncology
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • Adjuvant radiotherapy
  • NCDB
  • Overall survival
  • Propensity score
  • WHO grade II meningioma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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