Outcomes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with and without atrial fibrillation: A survival meta-analysis

Ahmad Masri, Mohamed Kanj, Maran Thamilarasan, Oussama Wazni, Nicholas G. Smedira, Harry M. Lever, Milind Y. Desai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent occurrence in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). It is associated with worsening symptoms, cardiovascular events, and mortality. We conducted a meta-analysis of studies reporting on mortality in patient with HCM and AF. Methods: We searched PubMed, Medline, Embase, Ovid and Cochrane for studies which reported cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with HCM and AF. Outcome was a composite of cardiac mortality and/or all-cause mortality. Mantel Haenszel odds ratio (OR) or hazard ratio (HR) were calculated using random-effects meta-analysis for the prespecified outcome. Heterogeneity was assessed using I2 statistics. Results: Six studies met the inclusion criteria. There were 6,858 patients; 1,314 (19%) had history of AF. During a mean follow up that ranged between 4 and 8 years, 405 (30.8%) patients with AF died as compared to 1,011 (18.2%) patients without AF (OR =2.49, 95% CI: 1.85-3.35, P<0.00001, I2=57%). Results persisted with inclusion of studies only reporting specifically on cardiac mortality (OR =2.80, 95% CI: 1.79-4.39, P<0.00001, I2=56%). Also, the mortality difference persisted after exclusion of deaths secondary to stroke in both groups (2 studies, 1,398 patients, OR =2.57, 95% CI: 1.57-4.20, P=0.0002, I2=31%). In three studies (5,857 patients); the presence of AF was associated with a pooled HR of 1.66 (95% CI: 1.29-2.13, P<0.0001, I2=41%). Conclusion: Patients with HCM who develop AF have higher risk of mortality and cardiac deaths as compared to HCM patients without AF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-44
Number of pages9
JournalCardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Meta-analysis
  • Outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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