Background--In asymptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, we sought to assess the incremental prognostic value of resting valvuloarterial impedence (Zva) and left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS) to treadmill stress echocardiography. Methods and Results--We studied 504 such patients (66±12 years, 78% men, 32% with coronary artery disease who underwent treadmill stress echocardiography between 2001 and 2012. Clinical and exercise variables (% of age-sex predicted metabolic equivalents [%AGP-METs]) were recorded. Resting Zva ([systolic arterial pressure+mean aortic valve gradient]/[LV-stroke volume index]) and LV-GLS(measured offline using Velocity Vector Imaging, Siemens) were obtained from the baseline resting echocardiogram. Death was the primary outcome. There were no major adverse cardiac events during treadmill stress echocardiography. Indexed aortic valve area, Zva, and LV-GLS were 0.46±0.1 cm2/m2, 4.5±0.9 mm Hg/mL per m2 and -16±4%, respectively; only 50% achieved > 100% AGP-METs. Sixty-four percent underwent aortic valve replacement. Death occurred in 164 (33%) patients over 8.9±3.6 years (2 within 30 days of aortic valve replacement). On multivariable Cox survival analysis, higher Society of Thoracic Surgeons score (hazard ratio or HR 1.06), lower % AGP-METS (HR 1.16), higher Zva (HR 1.25) and lower LV-GLS (HR 1.12) were associated with higher longerterm mortality, while aortic valve replacement (HR 0.45) was associated with improved survival (all P < 0.01). Sequential addition of ZVa and LV-GLS to clinical model (Society of Thoracic Surgeons score and %AGP-METs) increased the c-statistic from 0.65 to 0.69 and 0.75, respectively, both P < 0.001); findings were similar in the subgroup of patients who underwent aortic valve replacement. Conclusions--In asymptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing treadmill stress echocardiography, LV-GLS and ZVa offer incremental prognostic value.
- Aortic stenosis
- Stress echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine