Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee

Dennis Crawford, Marc R. Safran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteochondritis dissecans is a condition of the joints that appears to affect subchondral bone primarily, with secondary effects on articular cartilage. With progression, this pathology may present clinically with symptoms related to the integrity of the articular cartilage. Early signs, associated with intact cartilage, may be related to a softening phenomenon and alteration in the mechanical properties of cartilage. Later stages, because of the lack of underlying support of the cartilage, can present with signs of articular cartilage separation, cartilage flaps, loose bodies, inflammatory synovitis, persistent or intermittent joint effusion, and, in severe cases, secondary joint degeneration. Selecting and recommending a surgical intervention require balancing application of nonsurgical interventions with assessment of the degree of articular cartilage stability and the potential for spontaneous recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-100
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Volume14
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Fingerprint

Osteochondritis Dissecans
Articular Cartilage
Cartilage
Knee
Joints
Synovitis
Pathology
Bone and Bones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee. / Crawford, Dennis; Safran, Marc R.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Vol. 14, No. 2, 02.2006, p. 90-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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