Oral administration of L-arginine reduces intimal hyperplasia in balloon-injured rat carotid arteries

Changyi Chen, Samer G. Mattar, Alan B. Lumsden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endogenous nitric oxide (NO) is produced from L-arginine by NO synthase. We evaluated the effect of oral administration of L-arginine on intimal hyperplasia in balloon-injured rat carotid arteries. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats underwent balloon denudation on the left common carotid artery. Fifteen rats were treated with L-arginine in drinking water (2.5 mg/mL) two days before injury and were continued for 2 weeks. Another 15 rats served as controls. All animals survived without complications or body weight loss. In the treated group, daily intake of L-arginine was 170 ± 43 mg/day. Plasma arginine levels were 130 ± 32 μmol/L prior to L-arginine intake, 165 ± 42 μmol/L at the day of injury, and 162 ± 26 μmol/L at sacrifice. Intimal hyperplasia developed in all balloon-injured arteries in both control and L- arginine-treated animals. However, L-arginine-treated animals showed a 65% reduction of the intima/media area ratio and a 26% reduction of the intimal cell proliferation compared with control animals. These data indicate that adequate amounts of L-arginine were ingested by the rats and that oral administration of L-arginine significantly reduced intimal hyperplasia of balloon-injured arteries without any detectable toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1999

Keywords

  • Cell proliferation
  • Intimal hyperplasia
  • L-arginine
  • Nitric oxide
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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