Optotaxis: Caged Lysophosphatidic Acid Enables Optical Control of a Chemotactic Gradient

Felix Hövelmann, Katarzyna M. Kedziora, André Nadler, Rainer Müller, Kees Jalink, Carsten Schultz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a serum-borne lipid mediator that binds to a variety of different G protein-coupled receptors to trigger an exceptionally wide range of biological effects, including cell survival and differentiation, cancer cell migration, and embryonic development. Here we synthesized caged LPA (cgLPA), a "photolysable" coumarin-masked derivative of LPA. We demonstrate that illumination of cgLPA with 405 nm light liberates bioactive LPA on a subsecond scale to evoke Ca2+ signaling, Rho activation, and cytoskeletal contraction. In addition, we developed an "optotaxis" assay to attract melanoma cells through a stable chemotactic gradient by repeated liberation of LPA through local photolysis of extracellular cgLPA. We expect that this method of light-controlled chemotaxis will be generally applicable to a large variety of small molecules that drive cellular migration or other responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-634
Number of pages6
JournalCell Chemical Biology
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 19 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology

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