Optical coherence tomography angiography in pediatric choroidal neovascularization

Chiara Veronese, Chiara Maiolo, David Huang, Jia Yali, Grayson W. Armstrong, Mariachiara Morara, Antonio P. Ciardella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To report two cases of pediatric choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and the associated neovascular and retinal findings identified on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) imaging. Methods A 14-year-old boy with handheld laser-induced maculopathy-related CNV and a 13-year-old boy with idiopathic CNV were evaluated with visual acuity testing, slit-lamp exam, fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and OCTA. Results Macular CNV were identified in both pediatric patients using OCTA imaging. The first case demonstrated a classic pediatric type II CNV with a “tree-like” pattern and a single vessel in-growth site, while the second case demonstrated a type I CNV with a “glomerular” pattern. Conclusion Distinct choroidal neovascular patterns were visualized in these two cases of pediatric CNV when compared to adult subtypes. OCTA is a noninvasive imaging modality capable of evaluating and characterizing pediatric CNV and their associated vascular patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-40
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Volume2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Children
  • Choroidal neovascularization
  • Optical coherence tomography angiography
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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