Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Avascular Area Association With 1-Year Treatment Requirement and Disease Progression in Diabetic Retinopathy

Qi Sheng You, Jie Wang, Yukun Guo, Shaohua Pi, Christina J. Flaxel, Steven T. Bailey, David Huang, Yali Jia, Thomas S. Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the association between optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA)–quantified avascular areas (AAs) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity, progression, and treatment requirement in the following year. Design: Prospective cohort study. Methods: We recruited patients with diabetes from a tertiary academic retina practice and obtained 3-mm × 3-mm macular OCTA scans with the AngioVue system and standard 7-field color photographs at baseline and at a 1-year follow-up visit. A masked grader determined the severity of DR from the color photographs using the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy scale. A custom algorithm detected extrafoveal AA (EAA) excluding the central 1-mm circle in projection-resolved superficial vascular complex (SVC), intermediate capillary plexus (ICP), and deep capillary plexus (DCP). Results: Of 138 patients, 92 (41 men, ranging in age from 26-84 years [mean 59.4 years]) completed 1 year of follow-up. At baseline, EAAs for SVC, ICP, and DCP were all significantly correlated with retinopathy severity (P < .0001). DCP EAA was significantly associated with worse visual acuity (r = −0.24, P = .02), but SVC and ICP EAA were not. At 1 year, 11 eyes progressed in severity by at least 1 step. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated the progression was significantly associated with baseline SVC EAA (odds ratio = 8.73, P = .04). During the follow-up period, 33 eyes underwent treatment. Multivariate analysis showed that treatment requirement was significantly associated with baseline DCP EAA (odds ratio = 3.39, P = .002). No baseline metric was associated with vision loss at 1 year. Conclusions: EAAs detected by OCTA in diabetic eyes are significantly associated with baseline DR severity, disease progression, and treatment requirement over 1 year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-277
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume217
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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