Optical bistability in vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers

Pengyue Wen, Michael Sanchez, Matthias Gross, Sadik Esener

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present an overview of the properties and applications of optical bistability in vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers (VCSOAs). The basic physics and analytical models of this optical nonlinearity are discussed. Experimental results obtained from a VCSOA operated in the 850 nm wavelength region are presented. Counterclockwise hysteresis loops are obtained over a range of initial phase detuning and bias currents. One hysteresis loop is observed experimentally with an input power as low as 2 μW when the device is biased at 98% of its lasing threshold. Numerical simulations based on the Fabry-Perot resonator model and rate equations we developed show good agreement with our experimental observations. In addition, a low input intensity high contrast (10:1) optical AND gate and 2R regeneration are demonstrated, We believe that bistable VCSOAs can significantly advance the prospect of a dense two-dimensional array of low-switching-intensity all-optical logic and memory elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6349-6357
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Optics
Volume45
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Optical bistability
optical bistability
Semiconductor optical amplifiers
light amplifiers
Hysteresis loops
cavities
hysteresis
Bias currents
regeneration
logic
lasing
Resonators
Analytical models
Physics
resonators
nonlinearity
Data storage equipment
Wavelength
physics
thresholds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Optical bistability in vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers. / Wen, Pengyue; Sanchez, Michael; Gross, Matthias; Esener, Sadik.

In: Applied Optics, Vol. 45, No. 25, 01.09.2006, p. 6349-6357.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Wen, Pengyue ; Sanchez, Michael ; Gross, Matthias ; Esener, Sadik. / Optical bistability in vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers. In: Applied Optics. 2006 ; Vol. 45, No. 25. pp. 6349-6357.
@article{b40c29080c6e49a4a3961c484fe07f83,
title = "Optical bistability in vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers",
abstract = "We present an overview of the properties and applications of optical bistability in vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers (VCSOAs). The basic physics and analytical models of this optical nonlinearity are discussed. Experimental results obtained from a VCSOA operated in the 850 nm wavelength region are presented. Counterclockwise hysteresis loops are obtained over a range of initial phase detuning and bias currents. One hysteresis loop is observed experimentally with an input power as low as 2 μW when the device is biased at 98{\%} of its lasing threshold. Numerical simulations based on the Fabry-Perot resonator model and rate equations we developed show good agreement with our experimental observations. In addition, a low input intensity high contrast (10:1) optical AND gate and 2R regeneration are demonstrated, We believe that bistable VCSOAs can significantly advance the prospect of a dense two-dimensional array of low-switching-intensity all-optical logic and memory elements.",
author = "Pengyue Wen and Michael Sanchez and Matthias Gross and Sadik Esener",
year = "2006",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1364/AO.45.006349",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "6349--6357",
journal = "Applied Optics",
issn = "0003-6935",
publisher = "The Optical Society",
number = "25",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optical bistability in vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers

AU - Wen, Pengyue

AU - Sanchez, Michael

AU - Gross, Matthias

AU - Esener, Sadik

PY - 2006/9/1

Y1 - 2006/9/1

N2 - We present an overview of the properties and applications of optical bistability in vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers (VCSOAs). The basic physics and analytical models of this optical nonlinearity are discussed. Experimental results obtained from a VCSOA operated in the 850 nm wavelength region are presented. Counterclockwise hysteresis loops are obtained over a range of initial phase detuning and bias currents. One hysteresis loop is observed experimentally with an input power as low as 2 μW when the device is biased at 98% of its lasing threshold. Numerical simulations based on the Fabry-Perot resonator model and rate equations we developed show good agreement with our experimental observations. In addition, a low input intensity high contrast (10:1) optical AND gate and 2R regeneration are demonstrated, We believe that bistable VCSOAs can significantly advance the prospect of a dense two-dimensional array of low-switching-intensity all-optical logic and memory elements.

AB - We present an overview of the properties and applications of optical bistability in vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers (VCSOAs). The basic physics and analytical models of this optical nonlinearity are discussed. Experimental results obtained from a VCSOA operated in the 850 nm wavelength region are presented. Counterclockwise hysteresis loops are obtained over a range of initial phase detuning and bias currents. One hysteresis loop is observed experimentally with an input power as low as 2 μW when the device is biased at 98% of its lasing threshold. Numerical simulations based on the Fabry-Perot resonator model and rate equations we developed show good agreement with our experimental observations. In addition, a low input intensity high contrast (10:1) optical AND gate and 2R regeneration are demonstrated, We believe that bistable VCSOAs can significantly advance the prospect of a dense two-dimensional array of low-switching-intensity all-optical logic and memory elements.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33750370835&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33750370835&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1364/AO.45.006349

DO - 10.1364/AO.45.006349

M3 - Review article

C2 - 16912770

AN - SCOPUS:33750370835

VL - 45

SP - 6349

EP - 6357

JO - Applied Optics

JF - Applied Optics

SN - 0003-6935

IS - 25

ER -