Oncology Nursing Certification: Relation to Nurses' Knowledge and Attitudes About Pain, Patient-Reported Pain Care Quality, and Pain Outcomes

Susan L. Beck, Jeannine M. Brant, Rebecca Donohue, Ellen M Lavoie Smith, Gail Towsley, Patricia Berry, Jia Wen Guo, Sharifa Al-Qaaydeh, Marjorie A. Pett, Gary Donaldson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To (a) compare pain knowledge and attitudes between nurses with oncology certified nurse (OCN®) status, non-OCN®-certified nurses, and nurses ineligible for certification and (b) examine the relationships among OCN® status, nurses' knowledge and attitudes about pain, patient-reported quality of nursing pain care, and pain outcomes. 
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    DESIGN: Prospective, correlational survey design. Patients were nested within nurses. 
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    SETTING: Six inpatient oncology units in three hospitals.

    SAMPLE: 91 nurses in three states (28 OCN®-certified nurses, 37 noncertified nurses, and 26 not eligible for certification). Certification status was validated for 105 nurses who were matched with a sample of 320 patients. 
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    METHODS: Nurses completed a survey, and matched adult patients who were experiencing pain rated their pain care quality and pain experience during the past shift. 
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    MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Demographic characteristics, certification status, and responses to the Nurse Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain (NKASRP), Pain Care Quality Survey-Nursing, and modified Brief Pain Inventory (Short Form). 
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    FINDINGS: OCN®-certified nurses scored significantly higher on the NKASRP (82% correct) compared to non-OCN® eligible nurses (76%) and non-OCN® ineligible nurses (74%) (p < 0.001). Only 43% overall achieved a benchmark of 80% correct. No statistically significant relationships existed between (a) certification status and pain care quality or pain outcomes or (b) NKASRP and care quality or outcomes (p > 0.05).
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    CONCLUSIONS: OCN®-certified nurses' knowledge and attitudes related to pain management were superior to noncertified nurses. Neither knowledge and attitudes nor OCN® status were associated with pain care quality or pain outcomes. 
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    IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Knowledge is necessary but insufficient to improve patient outcomes; providing optimal pain care requires action. Sustained efforts to improve cancer pain management are indicated.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)67-76
    Number of pages10
    JournalOncology Nursing Forum
    Volume43
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

    Keywords

    • nurse certification
    • oncology
    • oncology nurses
    • outcomes
    • pain
    • pain attitudes and knowledge
    • pain care quality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology(nursing)

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  • Cite this

    Beck, S. L., Brant, J. M., Donohue, R., Smith, E. M. L., Towsley, G., Berry, P., Guo, J. W., Al-Qaaydeh, S., Pett, M. A., & Donaldson, G. (2016). Oncology Nursing Certification: Relation to Nurses' Knowledge and Attitudes About Pain, Patient-Reported Pain Care Quality, and Pain Outcomes. Oncology Nursing Forum, 43(1), 67-76. https://doi.org/10.1188/16.ONF.67-76