On the relationships of high-frequency hearing loss and cochlear pathology to the acoustic startle response (ASR) and prepulse inhibition of the ASR in the BXD recombinant inbred series

James McCaughran, James Bell, Robert Hitzemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The measurement of the acoustic startle response (ASR) and prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the ASR in many inbred strains of mice, including C57BL/6 and DBA/2, may be complicated by age-related high-frequency hearing loss (HFHL) and the associated cochlear pathology. Willott and Erway (1998) have recently reported on the age-related changes of the acoustic brain response in the BXD recombinant inbred (RI) series. Based on these data, the RI series was divided into three groups: juvenile-, intermediate-, and adult-onset HFHL. Each of these groups was tested using paradigms which varied the frequency or intensity of the auditory startle and prepulse stimuli. The results obtained in adolescent mice (6-8 weeks) demonstrate that ASR performance is independent of HFHL; there was no group-dependent decline in the ASR amplitudes for high-frequency stimuli. The expected effect of HFHL on PPI is to increase the salience of the still-audible tones. In response to a white-noise prepulse stimulus, the PPI in the juvenile-onset group (which shows marked HFHL at 6 weeks) was similar to that in the adult-onset group. However, when the prepulse stimulus was a pure tone, the juvenile group showed a decrease in salience across all frequencies tested (5-20 kHz). The data point out the need for carefully constructing auditory tasks in the BXD RI series, to avoid the confounding effects of HFHL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-30
Number of pages10
JournalBehavior Genetics
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Startle Reflex
High-Frequency Hearing Loss
hearing
Cochlea
pathology
Acoustics
acoustics
Pathology
Inbred Strains Mice
white noise
Prepulse Inhibition
loss
brain
mice
Brain

Keywords

  • Genetics
  • Hearing
  • Mouse
  • Prepulse inhibition
  • QTL
  • Recombinant inbred
  • Startle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The measurement of the acoustic startle response (ASR) and prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the ASR in many inbred strains of mice, including C57BL/6 and DBA/2, may be complicated by age-related high-frequency hearing loss (HFHL) and the associated cochlear pathology. Willott and Erway (1998) have recently reported on the age-related changes of the acoustic brain response in the BXD recombinant inbred (RI) series. Based on these data, the RI series was divided into three groups: juvenile-, intermediate-, and adult-onset HFHL. Each of these groups was tested using paradigms which varied the frequency or intensity of the auditory startle and prepulse stimuli. The results obtained in adolescent mice (6-8 weeks) demonstrate that ASR performance is independent of HFHL; there was no group-dependent decline in the ASR amplitudes for high-frequency stimuli. The expected effect of HFHL on PPI is to increase the salience of the still-audible tones. In response to a white-noise prepulse stimulus, the PPI in the juvenile-onset group (which shows marked HFHL at 6 weeks) was similar to that in the adult-onset group. However, when the prepulse stimulus was a pure tone, the juvenile group showed a decrease in salience across all frequencies tested (5-20 kHz). The data point out the need for carefully constructing auditory tasks in the BXD RI series, to avoid the confounding effects of HFHL.",
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