On-line intraoperative quantitation of regional myocardial perfusion during coronary artery bypass graft operations with myocardial contrast two- dimensional echocardiography

F. S. Villanueva, W. D. Spotnitz, A. R. Jayaweera, J. Dent, L. W. Gimple, S. Kaul

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    Abstract

    We hypothesized that the success of coronary artery bypass graft operations could be assessed by means of on-line quantitative myocardial contrast echocardiography. Accordingly, myocardial contrast echocardiography was performed at baseline and after each placement of venous graft in 21 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft operations. Time-intensity plots were generated on-line with the use of a dedicated computer system, and areas under the curve were assessed for each injection. Successful on-line quantitation of myocardial contrast echocardiography data was performed in 17 patients; this allowed comparison before and after coronary artery bypass graft operations for 21 grafts, with agreement between expert visual analysis and quantitative data in 91 % of these cases. Three distinct perfusion patterns were noted on myocardial contrast echocardiography: (1) reduced contrast effect before coronary artery bypass graft operations with improvement after coronary artery bypass graft operations (n = 11); (2) adequate contrast effect before coronary artery bypass graft operations with no change after coronary artery bypass graft operations (n = 9) (for patients in group 2, the mean percentage of coronary stenosis was less than the mean for patients in group 1-67% ± 25% vs. 88% ± 20%, p = 0.05); and (3) no contrast effect either before or after coronary artery bypass graft operations in one patient with previous infarction. One third of the time (34 of 95 injections), on-line quantitation was unsuccessful. Failure was related three times more often to problems associated with myocardial contrast echocardiography, such as attenuation and inadequate quality of bubbles, than to computer failure. Despite its limitations, on-line quantitative myocardial contrast echocardiography is feasible in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft operations and provides important objective information regarding the success of revascularization.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1524-1531
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    Volume104
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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