Octreotide LAR and bolus octreotide are insufficient for preventing intraoperative complications in carcinoid patients

Kristen Massimino, Ola Harrskog, Suellen Pommier, Rodney Pommier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Background and Objectives Surgery in carcinoid patients can provoke a carcinoid crisis, which can have serious sequelae, including death. Octreotide prophylaxis is recommended to prevent carcinoid crisis, however there are few reports of outcomes and no large series examining its efficacy. We hypothesized that a 500 μg prophylactic octreotide dose is sufficient to prevent carcinoid crisis. Methods Records of carcinoid patients undergoing abdominal operations during years 2007-2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Octreotide use and intraoperative and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. Results Ninety-seven intraabdominal operations performed by a single surgeon were reviewed. Ninety percent of patients received preoperative prophylactic octreotide. Fifty-six percent received at least one additional intraoperative dose. Twenty-three patients (24%) experienced an intraoperative complication. Intraoperative complications correlated with presence of hepatic metastases but not presence of carcinoid syndrome. Postoperative complications occurred in 60% of patients with intraoperative complications versus 31% of those with none (P = 0.01). Conclusions Significant intraoperative complications occur frequently in patients with hepatic metastases regardless of presence of carcinoid syndrome and despite octreotide LAR or single dose prophylactic octreotide. Occurrence of such events correlates strongly with postoperative complications. Randomized controlled trials are needed to determine whether the administration of prophylactic octreotide is beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)842-846
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of surgical oncology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jun 2013


  • anesthesia
  • carcinoid crisis
  • neuroendocrine tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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