Two siblings with a severe multiorgan polycystic disease presenting in the neonatal period were identified. Their genetic testing identified compound heterozygous NPHP3 gene mutations, parents being heterozygous carriers. The mutations included a splice-site (c.958-2A>G) and a missense mutation (c.2342G>A; p.G781D), both being extremely rare. NPHP3 encodes for nephrocystin 3 present on the cilia-centrosome complex. We hypothesize that these mutations lead to defective cilia-based signaling, required for normal development of the renal, pancreatic, biliary and portal system. This report outlines a rare neonatal ciliopathy presentation of NPHP3 mutations leading to severe multiorgan failure in two siblings.
- polycystic kidney disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology