Novel strategy for a cocktail 18F-fluoride and 18F-FDG PET/CT scan for evaluation of malignancy: Results of the pilot-phase study

Andrei Iagaru, Erik Mittra, Shahriar S. Yaghoubi, David W. Dick, Andrew Quon, Michael L. Goris, Sanjiv Sam Gambhir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


18F-FDG PET/CT is used for detecting cancer and monitoring cancer response to therapy. However, because of the variable rates of glucose metabolism, not all cancers are identified reliably. Sodium 18as previously used for bone imaging and can be used as a PET/CT skeletal tracer. The combined administration of 18F and 18F-FDG in a single PET/CT study for cancer detection has not been reported to date. Methods: This is a prospective pilot study (November 2007-November 2008) of 14 patients with proven malignancy (6 sarcoma, 3 prostate cancer, 2 breast cancer, 1 colon cancer, 1 lung cancer, and 1 malignant paraganglioma) who underwent separate 18F PET/CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT and combined 18F/ 18F-FDG PET/CT scans for the evaluation of malignancy (a total of 3 scans each). There were 11 men and 3 women (age range, 19-75 y; average, 50.4 y). Results: Interpretation of the combined 18F/ 18F-FDG PET/CT scans compared favorably with that of the 18F-FDG PET/CT (no lesions missed) and the 18F PET/CT scans (only 1 skull lesion seen on an 18F PET/CT scan was missed on the corresponding combined scan). Through image processing, the combined 18F/ 18F-FDG scan yielded results for bone radiotracer uptake comparable to those of the 18F PET/CT scan performed separately. Conclusion: Our pilot-phase prospective trial demonstrates that the combined 18F/ 18F-FDG administration followed by a single PET/CT scan is feasible for cancer detection. This combined method opens the possibility for improved patient care and reduction in health care costs. COPYRIGHT

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-505
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • F
  • F-FDG
  • PET/CT
  • malignancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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