Nontraumatic Stroke in Children

Lissa Baird, Edward Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Ischemic stroke in children is a relatively rare entity compared with the adult population. The World Health Organization's MONICA Project defines stroke as "rapidly developing clinical signs of focal (or global) disturbance of cerebral function, with symptoms lasting 24 hours or longer or leading to death with no apparent cause other than of vascular origin." The definition includes ischemic and hemorrhagic infarction and intracerebral and subarachnoid hemorrhage. In adults, 80%-85% of strokes are ischemic, whereas the remaining 15%-20% are hemorrhagic. In children, 55% are believed to be ischemic, and the remainder hemorrhagic. In this chapter, the major causes of nontraumatic stroke in children are reviewed with an emphasis on diseases with neurosurgical relevance, particularly moyamoya syndrome. Reference will be made to the American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Statement on the Management of Stroke in Infants and Children as a resource for current management guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPrinciples of Neurological Surgery
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages229-240.e5
ISBN (Electronic)9780323431408
ISBN (Print)9780323431408
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 26 2018

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous malformation
  • Cavernous malformation
  • Hemorrhagic
  • Ischemic
  • Moyamoya
  • Pediatric
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Baird, L., & Smith, E. (2018). Nontraumatic Stroke in Children. In Principles of Neurological Surgery (pp. 229-240.e5). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-43140-8.00014-7