Objectives This study sought to determine the relationships between echocardiography-derived measures of myocardial mechanics and cancer therapeutics–related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD). Background Doxorubicin and trastuzumab are highly effective breast cancer therapies, but have a substantial risk of CTRCD. There is a critical need for the early detection of patients at increased risk of toxicity. Methods We performed a prospective, longitudinal cohort study of breast cancer participants undergoing doxorubicin and/or trastuzumab therapy. Echocardiography was performed prior to therapy initiation (baseline) and at standardized follow-up intervals during and after completion of therapy. Ejection fraction (EF), strain, strain rate, and ventricular-arterial coupling (effective arterial elastance [Ea]/end-systolic elastance [Eessb]) were quantitated. CTRCD was defined as a ≥10% reduction in EF from baseline to <50%. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine the associations between baseline levels and changes from baseline in echocardiographic measures and CTRCD. Receiver-operating characteristic curves were used to evaluate the predictive ability of these measures. Results In total, 135 participants contributed 517 echocardiograms to the analysis. Over a median follow-up time of 1.9 years (interquartile range: 0.9 to 2.4 years), 21 participants (15%) developed CTRCD. In adjusted models, baseline levels and changes in Ea/Eessb, circumferential strain, and circumferential strain rate were associated with 21% to 38% increased odds of CTRCD (p < 0.001). Changes in longitudinal strain (p = 0.037), radial strain (p = 0.015), and radial strain rate (p = 0.006) were also associated with CTRCD. Ea/Eessb (area under the curve: 0.703; 95% confidence interval: 0.583 to 0.807) and circumferential strain (area under the curve: 0.655; 95% confidence interval: 0.517 to 0.767) demonstrated the greatest predictive utility. Sensitivity analyses using an alternative CTRCD definition did not impact our results. Conclusions Over an extended follow-up time, ventricular-arterial coupling and circumferential strain were strongly predictive of CTRCD. Our findings suggest a noninvasive strategy to identify high-risk patients prior to, during, and after cardiotoxic cancer therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine