Objectives: This study sought to determine the relationships between echocardiography-derived measures of myocardial mechanics and cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD). Background: Doxorubicin and trastuzumab are highly effective breast cancer therapies, but have a substantial risk of CTRCD. There is a critical need for the early detection of patients at increased risk of toxicity. Methods: We performed a prospective, longitudinal cohort study of breast cancer participants undergoing doxorubicin and/or trastuzumab therapy. Echocardiography was performed prior to therapy initiation (baseline) and at standardized follow-up intervals during and after completion of therapy. Ejection fraction (EF), strain, strain rate, and ventricular-arterial coupling (effective arterial elastance [Ea]/end-systolic elastance [Eessb]) were quantitated. CTRCD was defined as a ≥10% reduction in EF from baseline to sb, circumferential strain, and circumferential strain rate were associated with 21% to 38% increased odds of CTRCD (p <0.001). Changes in longitudinal strain (p = 0.037), radial strain (p = 0.015), and radial strain rate (p = 0.006) were also associated with CTRCD. Ea/Eessb (area under the curve: 0.703; 95% confidence interval: 0.583 to 0.807) and circumferential strain (area under the curve: 0.655; 95% confidence interval: 0.517 to 0.767) demonstrated the greatest predictive utility. Sensitivity analyses using an alternative CTRCD definition did not impact our results. Conclusions: Over an extended follow-up time, ventricular-arterial coupling and circumferential strain were strongly predictive of CTRCD. Our findings suggest a noninvasive strategy to identify high-risk patients prior to, during, and after cardiotoxic cancer therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging